International Institutions

Congo Crisis: Human Rights Groups Call for Urgent Appointment of Special Envoy and Sanctions

Date: 
Nov 20, 2012

 

WASHINGTON – The Enough Project joined a coalition of human rights organizations—which includes Humanity United, Open Society Institute, Eastern Congo Initiative, and the European Network for Central Africa—urging the United Nations to appoint a special envoy that would work with the African Union in creating a regional peace process to address the escalating conflict in eastern Congo. Earlier today, the M23 rebel movement took control of Goma, a major city in eastern Congo, highlighting the urgency of this unfolding crisis.

The coalition issued a statement calling on the U.N. Security Council and African Union to apply sanctions against all individuals identified in the most recent Group of Experts report as violating the U.N. arms embargo on Congo, including the Rwandan military and political officers supporting and directing the M23. Further, the coalition urged bilateral donors to Rwanda to continue and expand the suspension of all aid programs that are not explicitly allocated for civilian humanitarian needs.

Aaron Hall, Enough Project Associate Director of Research said:

"The U.N., with support from the U.S. government, needs to ensure that a strong international response is brought to bear on this massive humanitarian crisis in eastern Congo. Sanctioning the leadership of M23 alone is not enough. The U.N. should quickly appoint an envoy to work with the African Union that would create a peace process to include all those actors that perpetually fan the flames of conflict in the region. Until the systemic drivers of violence and regional intervention in eastern Congo are addressed, this scenario will just continue to repeat itself."    

Since the onset of the M23 rebellion in April 2012, more than 650,000 people in the region have been displaced by the ongoing violence. The human rights groups stressed the need for a credible internationally-facilitated political process that focuses immediately on a cessation of hostilities, followed by long-term solutions to address the underlying roots of conflict in the region.

Read the full statement.

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Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.

South Sudan’s Yida Refugee Camp: Place of Refuge and Peril

Adhel* lost her husband and one of her children earlier this year when the Sudanese Armed Forces, or SAF, bombed her town in South Kordofan. “It’s a mess, many people were captured, others scattered, others came here, and others killed.” Since fighting between the SAF and the SPLM-N started in South Kordofan almost a year and a half ago, the stories of displacement by aerial bombardment, food shortages, and militia attacks that refugees tell remain the same.  Read More »

5 Stories You Might Have Missed This Week

A weekly round-up of must-read stories, posted every Friday (or on occasion, on Saturday).  Read More »

U.S. and U.N. Target M23 Commander with Sanctions

M23 rebels in Congo

The U.S. Treasury Department announced its move to add top M23 commander Sultani Makenga to its list of Congolese warlords under sanctions for their role in stoking violence in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.  Read More »

Darfur Dream Team Heads Out on Visit to Refugee Schools in Chad

As I begin my journey to visit the schools in the Darfuri refugee camps Djabal and Goz Amer, what I am looking forward to most is reconnecting with old friends, making news ones, playing games with the school children, and sharing in their infectious laughter. During the trip I will be documenting the impact of the Darfur Dream Team’s support for education in the refugee camps in eastern Chad.  Read More »

5 Stories You Might Have Missed This Week

A weekly round-up of must-read stories, posted every Friday.  Read More »

Chasing the LRA: Enough Project Video and Report from the Frontlines of the Hunt for Joseph Kony

Date: 
Nov 9, 2012

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Tracy Fehr, tfehr@enoughproject.org+1-202-459-1219

SOUTH SUDAN and CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC – Current military operations tasked with hunting down the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, in the vast jungles of Central Africa face a logistical nightmare and intelligence challenges that inhibit their ability to find the senior leaders and end the LRA, according to a new Enough Project field report and accompanying video.

In August 2012, Enough Project LRA Field Researcher Kasper Agger embedded with the Ugandan military, or UPDF—the main force pursuing the LRA with approximately 1,500 soldiers—traveling from South Sudan to Central African Republic, or CAR. Enough’s new field report and video are based on information gathered during his embedding, as well as from interviews he conducted with commanders, soldiers and military and civilian partners in both countries.

Agger, author of the report, said:

"The Ugandan army in Central Africa continues to face multiple logistical and intelligence challenges that handicap its ability to locate and fight the LRA successfully. Their offensive trekking teams can roam around the jungle for several weeks without any certain trace of the rebels. The fact remains that improved infrastructure and additional soldiers are much needed to cover the vast and remote areas where the LRA continues to operate and prey on civilians."

The deployment of 100 U.S. military advisors has helped address some of the Ugandan troops’ issues, but the report describes continuing needs for better access to LRA-affected areas, enhanced human and aerial intelligence, increased air support, and improved road infrastructure. The report argues that U.S. advisors should play a more operational role alongside regional forces in the field, in an effort to speed up the mission to capture Joseph Kony and top LRA commanders.

The report recognizes that neither the Ugandan troops nor U.S. advisors will be deployed indefinitely, so a new approach to the hunt for the LRA’s senior commanders is needed that would ensure adequately trained and equipped troops can be deployed rapidly, with the appropriate intelligence and logistical capabilities possible.

Read the full report: “Field Dispatch: Chasing the Lord’s Resistance Army – Challenges Faced by Ugandan Soldiers Pursuing the LRA

View the accompanying video: “Challenges in Hunt for the LRA

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Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.

Enough Policy Brief: The U.N. Security Council’s Role in Supporting Peace in the Two Sudans

Following the resolution of negotiations in Addis Ababa this September, the international community watches on as the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan continue to grapple with critical outstanding issues. In the coming days, the U.N. Security Council will have the opportunity to vote on a set of recommendations from the African Union Peace and Security Council, or A.U. PSC, on a way forward, so the Enough Project makes some recommendations for the Security Council’s engagement in a new policy brief released today.  Read More »

U.N. Security Council Should Endorse and Enforce Peace in the Sudans

Date: 
Nov 7, 2012

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Tracy Fehr, tfehr@enoughproject.org, +1-202-459-1219 

WASHINGTON – In the coming days, the U.N. Security Council has the opportunity to demonstrate the international community’s commitment to peace and security within and between the Sudans, according to a new Enough Project brief.

The Security Council will vote on a set of recommendations from the African Union Peace and Security Council regarding ways to address outstanding issues between the two Sudans. The Enough Project calls on the Security Council to endorse these recommendations and adopt measures to enforce their compliance.

John Prendergast, Enough Project Co-founder and co-author of the report, said:

"The U.N. Security Council has the next move, and it may be the most important one. When it meets in the coming days, the U.N. Security Council should adopt a resolution that identifies a clear way forward with targeted consequences for those who resist. This will lay the ground for peace and save lives through the provision of desperately needed aid. If the U.N. Security Council neglects to do this, it will create new space in the region for spoilers who do not want peace."

Jennifer Christian, Enough Project Sudan/South Sudan Policy Analyst and co-author of the report, said:

"The government of Sudan’s recent public insistence that it will not accept the A.U.'s recommendations on the final status of the Abyei area underscores why the Security Council must endorse the A.U.'s recommendations on Abyei and other outstanding issues and outline specific consequences for non-compliance. If this does not occur, Abyei’s final status may remain unresolved indefinitely, ensuring that the area remains a potential catalyst for North-South violence."

This is the second of an Enough Project policy brief series focusing on the international community’s opportunity to help support peace within and between the two Sudans.

Read the full brief (PDF): “Not Just Mediation: The United Nations Security Council’s Role in Supporting Peace in the Two Sudans

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Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.

Not Just Mediation: The United Nations Security Council’s Role in Supporting Peace in the Two Sudans

This is the second installment in a series of Policy Briefs focusing on the international community’s extraordinary opportunity to help support peace within and between the two Sudans. 

Presidents Bashir and Kirr in Addis Ababa
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