In a surprising post-deadline decision on Saturday night, Sudan and South Sudan agreed on a financial package, inclusive of oil fees. Actual oil flow though, from South Sudan through Sudan, will only resume when an agreement on the remaining outstanding issues is reached. They include the final status of Abyei, border demarcation and disputes, and security arrangements. Read More »
A new Enough Project paper released today challenges the current approach pursued by the United Nations and some key donors to prop up the Doha Document for Peace and push other Darfuri groups to join the accord. These efforts “are not benign but are actually making matters worse,” write Enough’s Omer Ismail and Annette LaRocco Read More »
WASHINGTON – The African Union and U.N. Security Council renewed Darfur’s hybrid peacekeeping mission, UNAMID, this week without acknowledging the glaring failures of the Doha peace process. The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, or DDPD, signed in July 2011, is yet another attempt by the Khartoum regime to continue its ongoing divide-and-conquer strategy of dealing with each of the country’s conflicts in isolation, argues a new Enough Project report.
The DDP was inherently flawed from the beginning because it does not address the root security or political issues of the Darfur conflict. Moreover, the only signatures to the DDPD are the government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement, excluding the three most prominent rebel groups in the region—the Justice and Equality Movement, and both factions of the Sudan Liberation Movement.
“Despite the head of UNAMID Ibrahim Gambari briefing the U.N. Security Council earlier this week on the progress in Darfur implemented as part of the Doha process, it has been an operational failure due to a lack of compliance among other things” said Omer Ismail, Enough Project senior policy advisor and co-author of the report. “One of the Khartoum regime’s hallmark moves is to appease international pressure and agree to an accord but not follow through on obligations in the agreement, which is exactly what is happening with the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.”
The Enough Project report outlines Khartoum’s three significant violations of the DDPD: a failure to transfer funds to the Darfur Regional Authority, reluctance to cooperate with UNAMID, and refusal to allow unfettered humanitarian access in Darfur. The report points out that all three of these violations are reflected in Khartoum’s behavior dealing with the other conflicts taking place in Sudan.
“The U.S. government and other key donors and multilateral organizations must rethink their Sudan policy portfolios so the Darfur crisis is not dealt with in isolation,” said Enough Project Executive Director John Bradshaw. “Each conflict in Sudan, including Darfur, stems from the Khartoum regime’s systematic marginalization and neglect of the periphery and requires a comprehensive approach to achieve lasting peace.”
A growing number of voices within Sudan are calling for a comprehensive approach to peace in the country. The fates of those in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, the East, and the far north, as well as opposition in the center are inextricably tied together. The international community must support an inclusive negotiation process that allows all opposition groups and Sudanese civil society organizations to comprehensively address their grievances with Khartoum, and lay the groundwork for a constitutional process leading to democratic elections.
Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a “3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.
Another Darfur peace agreement has failed, but the United Nations, or U.N., and some donor governments continue to prop up its implementation. This continued support is actually making matters worse in Darfur. By buttressing a dead peace deal, the interna- tional community is ignoring the ongoing conflict that the agreement did not address, while simultaneously contributing to the divide-and-conquer strategy of the Khartoum government, which seeks to negotiate separately with the various Darfur factions and to insulate the Darfur insurgency from other similar rebellions in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and – potentially – the East.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court for genocide, exhibits vulnerabilities that marked the final chapters of Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak and Libya’s Moammar Gaddafi. Meanwhile, he is doubling down on a strategy of starving, bombing, and arresting his opponents rather than engaging in meaningful reform. How Clinton and other international leaders respond will be crucial in determining whether he hangs on, like his counterpart in Syria, or goes the way of other Middle Eastern and North African dictators caught up in the winds of regional change. Read More »
This easy-to-read chart identifies the government of Sudan, the government of South Sudan, and the People’s Liberation Movement-North’s respective compliance, or lack thereof, with the provisions of U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046. Read More »
Today, August 2, marks the deadline for the conclusion of negotiations between the governments of Sudan and South Sudan as set by U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046. In an effort to identify the compliance of the government of Sudan, the government of South Sudan, and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North's with the provisions of Resolution 2046 to date, the Enough Project published a summary chart of its compliance tracker. The summary chart provides an organized outline showing that the government of Sudan has failed to comply with nine provisions of Resolution 2046, whereas the government of South Sudan has failed to comply with two provisions, and the SPLM-N has complied or has expressed a willingness to comply with all relevant provisions.
"Relatively speaking, the government of Sudan's non-compliance with critical provisions of Resolution 2046 is clear. These critical provisions include requirements that the Sudanese government withdraw its forces from the Abyei area and agree to the Tripartite Proposal on the delivery of humanitarian aid to South Kordofan and Blue Nile. In the coming days and weeks, the U.N. Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council should take into account the discrepancies in non-compliance between the government of Sudan, on the one hand, and the government of South Sudan and the SPLM-N, on the other, particularly vis-à-vis the possible application of sanctions pursuant to operative paragraph 6 of Resolution 2046," said Enough Project Sudan Policy Analyst Jennifer Christian.
Who: The Enough Project, a nonprofit organization based in Washington D.C. that is dedicated to ending genocide and crimes against humanity.
Where: Addis Ababa, where negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan resumed today
When: Thursday, August, 2, 2012
Why: To summarize the government of Sudan, the government of South Sudan, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North’s respective compliance, or lack thereof, to date with the provisions of U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046.
Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.
A remark made last week by Sudan's ambassador to the United Nations is renewing suspicions that the Lord's Resistance Army is hiding in Sudan and receiving support from the Sudanese government again. Highly credible reports received by the Enough Project several days ago indicate that Kony was recently in Darfur and may still be there. Read More »