Justice and Accountability

U.N. Meeting Offers Chance to Revitalize Congo Peace Process: Brief

Date: 
Sep 26, 2012

 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Tracy Fehr, 1-202-459-1210, tfehr@enoughproject.org

WASHINGTON -- Following four years of gradual progress toward peace, eastern Congo now stands on the precipice of disaster. The African Union must establish a revitalized peace process between Congo and the Rwanda-backed M23 rebellion to prevent the current conflict from escalating into inter-state war, according to a new Enough Project brief.

Tomorrow, September 27, a meeting at the United Nations between Congolese President Joseph Kabila, Rwandan President Paul Kagame, and other world leaders offers a chance to launch a viable peace process for the region. At that meeting, the U.S. and its allies must convey strong messages to both Congo and Rwanda about a cessation of hostilities, the protection of civilians, and the establishment of a road-map towards a sustainable political solution to the crisis.

"While the U.S. must continue to press Rwanda to end its support to M23, it must also put pressure on Congo to address continued failures of the state to provide basic governance and security,” said Aaron Hall, co-author of the brief and Enough Project associate director of research. “The U.S. must also work with regional partners and the U.N. to create a process to address longstanding grievances between Congo and Rwanda. Military solutions alone will fail.”

Since June, the International Conference on the Great Lakes region has mediated talks between Kabila and Kagame on security issues, largely ignoring the underlying political and economic issues between the two countries. To bring about sustainable peace, the brief calls for a revitalized peace process that takes all of these issues into account, as well as holds perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity accountable.

The brief asserts that the U.S., U.K., France and Belgium can play a key role in ensuring progress toward peace by supporting the process with strong international incentives and disincentives, including sanctions and conditional funding.   

"Eastern Congo stands at the precipice of disaster, but Thursday's meeting at the United Nations offers a chance to reignite a peace process between Congo and Rwanda to resolve their underlying political and economic interests,” said Sasha Lezhnev, Senior Congo Policy Analyst at the Enough Project. “The regional talks should be mediated by a senior African leader, and the Obama administration has a golden opportunity to offer carrots and sticks for the peace process by first putting World Bank general budget support to Rwanda on hold until it agrees to dismantle the M23 rebellion."

Read the full report: “A Diplomatic Gambit: A Proposal for Moving Peace Talks Forward in Eastern Congo.”

#

Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.

Global Post Op-ed: Ban Ki-moon’s Chance to Ignite Peace in Congo


Ban Ki-moon and Joseph Kabila

As global leaders meet in New York this week at the United Nations, pressing issues from a rising violent anti-American protests in the Middle East to rising sea levels in the arctic will be on the world’s table. But one often unknown and underserved humanitarian disaster is finally getting a look from the international community and from the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, himself.  Read More »

Enough Proposes Draft U.N. Resolution: ‘Holding Sudan Accountable’

In a new publication released today, “Holding Sudan Accountable: A Draft U.N. Security Council Resolution,” Enough Project’s Jennifer Christian calls on the U.N. Security Council to take strong measures against the government of Sudan for its failure to permit international humanitarian aid into the Sudanese states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile.  Read More »

Holding Sudan Accountable: A Draft U.N. Security Council Resolution

On May 2, 2012, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2046, which called for, among other things, the government of Sudan’s acceptance of the Tripartite Proposal to facilitate the delivery of international humanitarian assistance to South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Today, nearly five months since Resolution 2046’s adoption, the Sudanese government continues to deny international humanitarian aid organizations with access to civilians. In this paper, the Enough Project proposes the following draft resolution that may serve as the basis for future U.N. Security Council action.   

Foreign Policy Op-ed: The Somali Spring

Buried beneath the grisly headlines from Somalia from the last few weeks was some unexpectedly good news: The newly appointed Somali parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamud to serve as the first post-transition head of state. This is a seismic event in Somalia -- but not for the reasons many observers presume, writes Enough Project senior fellow Ken Menkhaus for Foreign Policy.  Read More »

5 Stories You Might Have Missed This Week

A weekly round-up of must-read stories, posted every Friday.  Read More »

The Sudans to Conclude Negotiations While Humanitarian Situation Remains Unresolved

Date: 
Sep 21, 2012

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact:

In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Amanda Hsiao, South Sudan Field Researcher, +251 (0) 923249353, ahsiao@enoughproject.org, Skype: ayrhsiao

In Washington, DC: Jennifer Christian, Sudan/South Sudan Policy Analyst, +1 202-604-4518, jchristian@enoughproject.org, Skype: jennchristian

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia -- On September 23, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir are expected to meet in Addis Ababa to conclude agreements on outstanding issues between their two countries, including oil and financial arrangements, border disputes and demarcation, border security arrangements, and Abyei. 

“A grand bargain across the remaining issues between Sudan and South Sudan exists,” said Amanda Hsiao, Field Researcher. “The question is, will Presidents Kiir and Bashir demonstrate the leadership needed to locate the political compromises necessary for peace between the two countries?” 

Former South African President Thabo Mbeki, lead mediator of the negotiation process and head of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel, is scheduled to brief the African Union Peace and Security Council on Monday, September 24 on the outcome of the negotiation process and provide recommendations on how to resolve any remaining outstanding issues.

In contrast, negotiations on the conflicts in South Kordofan and Blue Nile have not made enough progress. The government of Sudan continues to prevent the unhindered delivery of independent humanitarian aid to civilian populations in the two states.

“The government of Sudan’s continued denial of international humanitarian access to the two states contravenes a U.N. Security Council resolution, an agreement on aid delivery, and international law,” said Jennifer Christian, Policy Analyst. “Khartoum’s behavior demands immediate action on the part of the U.N. Security Council in the form of targeted sanctions and other actions designed to ensure the immediate delivery of necessary aid to affected populations.”

Who: Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir

What: Meeting to conclude agreements on outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan

Where: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

When: Sunday, September 23, 2012

Why: The meeting comes one day after the deadline set by the African Union for the conclusion of negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan on all outstanding issues arising from the latter’s declaration of independence in July 2011.

#

Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.     

It’s Not an Either/Or Question

This piece first appeared as part of New York Times "Room for Debate." Enough Project Co-founder John Prendergast and others—Daniel Bekele of Human Rights Watch, Michael Fairbanks of The Seven Fund, Girma Fantaye, an Ethiopian journalist, and author Deborah Brautigam—address the question: How should the U.S. relate to regimes that, although authoritarian, have moved toward prosperity, like Paul Kagame's in Rwanda?  Read More »

Robert, Former LRA Child Soldier: “We Need to Rebuild Together.”

Three weeks. Twenty-one days. Five hundred and four hours. That is how long Robert spent walking back home as a child after escaping from captivity in the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, in northern Uganda. In his seemingly endless two years with the rebels, he was forced to kill, abduct young children, and walk over 300 miles, usually in dense jungle without shoes. And yet just three short years later, he is leading a successful community project to help his fellow former child soldiers to generate income and reintegrate back into society.  Read More »

House Subcommittee Examines Rwanda’s Involvement in M23, Highlights U.S. Role in Ending the Conflict

On September 19, the U.S. House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights held a hearing to discuss Rwanda’s involvement in the recent M23 rebellion that continues to fuel violence and create a security vacuum in eastern Congo. Chaired by Representative Christopher H. Smith(R-NJ), the hearing examined the international response to the current crisis and Rwanda’s documented involvement, and policy options the U.S. government can contribute to diffuse the conflict.   Read More »

Syndicate content