On May 2, 2012, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2046, which called for, among other things, the government of Sudan’s acceptance of the Tripartite Proposal to facilitate the delivery of international humanitarian assistance to South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Today, nearly five months since Resolution 2046’s adoption, the Sudanese government continues to deny international humanitarian aid organizations with access to civilians. In this paper, the Enough Project proposes the following draft resolution that may serve as the basis for future U.N. Security Council action.
Buried beneath the grisly headlines from Somalia from the last few weeks was some unexpectedly good news: The newly appointed Somali parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamud to serve as the first post-transition head of state. This is a seismic event in Somalia -- but not for the reasons many observers presume, writes Enough Project senior fellow Ken Menkhaus for Foreign Policy. Read More »
In Washington, DC: Jennifer Christian, Sudan/South Sudan Policy Analyst, +1 202-604-4518, email@example.com, Skype: jennchristian
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia -- On September 23, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir are expected to meet in Addis Ababa to conclude agreements on outstanding issues between their two countries, including oil and financial arrangements, border disputes and demarcation, border security arrangements, and Abyei.
“A grand bargain across the remaining issues between Sudan and South Sudan exists,” said Amanda Hsiao, Field Researcher. “The question is, will Presidents Kiir and Bashir demonstrate the leadership needed to locate the political compromises necessary for peace between the two countries?”
Former South African President Thabo Mbeki, lead mediator of the negotiation process and head of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel, is scheduled to brief the African Union Peace and Security Council on Monday, September 24 on the outcome of the negotiation process and provide recommendations on how to resolve any remaining outstanding issues.
In contrast, negotiations on the conflicts in South Kordofan and Blue Nile have not made enough progress. The government of Sudan continues to prevent the unhindered delivery of independent humanitarian aid to civilian populations in the two states.
“The government of Sudan’s continued denial of international humanitarian access to the two states contravenes a U.N. Security Council resolution, an agreement on aid delivery, and international law,” said Jennifer Christian, Policy Analyst. “Khartoum’s behavior demands immediate action on the part of the U.N. Security Council in the form of targeted sanctions and other actions designed to ensure the immediate delivery of necessary aid to affected populations.”
Who: Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir
What: Meeting to conclude agreements on outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan
Where: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
When: Sunday, September 23, 2012
Why: The meeting comes one day after the deadline set by the African Union for the conclusion of negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan on all outstanding issues arising from the latter’s declaration of independence in July 2011.
Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, the Enough Project focuses on crises in Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas of Africa affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough’s strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a“3P” crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. For more information, please visit www.enoughproject.org.
This piece first appeared as part of New York Times "Room for Debate." Enough Project Co-founder John Prendergast and others—Daniel Bekele of Human Rights Watch, Michael Fairbanks of The Seven Fund, Girma Fantaye, an Ethiopian journalist, and author Deborah Brautigam—address the question: How should the U.S. relate to regimes that, although authoritarian, have moved toward prosperity, like Paul Kagame's in Rwanda? Read More »
Three weeks. Twenty-one days. Five hundred and four hours. That is how long Robert spent walking back home as a child after escaping from captivity in the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, in northern Uganda. In his seemingly endless two years with the rebels, he was forced to kill, abduct young children, and walk over 300 miles, usually in dense jungle without shoes. And yet just three short years later, he is leading a successful community project to help his fellow former child soldiers to generate income and reintegrate back into society. Read More »
During the first year of independence for the world’s newest nation, women of South Sudan united to amplify their voices and ensure their rights are guaranteed in the constitution and enforced by the government. These efforts have led to some milestones in the development of women’s rights in South Sudan, but many challenges still remain. Read More »
This week's post in the series Enough 101 provides a brief background on Somalia’s new president, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, as well as an overview of the challenges he will face in his new role. Read More »