Following uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, anti-regime demonstrations broke out in Sudan’s capital in January 2011 and this past December, yet failed to gain much momentum. The most recent series of protests that erupted on June 16 have persisted for more than three weeks, which according to Enough Project Senior Policy Advisor Omer Ismail, is a “prelude” to the end of President Omar al-Bashir’s 23 years in power. Read More »
In a press statement released over the weekend, the U.S. State Department expressed deep concern over the findings of the most recent investigation conducted by the U.N. Group of Experts for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or the Group. State Department Spokesperson Victoria Nuland acknowledged the severity of allegations in the report directly linking the Rwandan government to the sponsorship of rebel groups in eastern Congo, most notably the M23, and the exploitation of child soldiers. Read More »
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia–On June 28, the latest round of negotiations between the governments of Sudan and South Sudan adjourned after the Sudanese delegation requested leave to conduct political consultations with President Omar al-Bashir and other key political leaders in Khartoum.
After a one year delay, the Securities and Exchanges Commission, or SEC, announced yesterday, June 3, that it will meet on August 22 to finally vote on the adoption of conflict minerals regulations required by Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Financial Reform Act. Read More »
Human Rights Groups, African Civic Leaders Urge Uganda to Reinstate LRA Amnesty, Promote Accountability
WASHINGTON and GULU – On June 25, a coalition of 22 civil society organizations and leaders in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and the United States issued a statement urging the Government of Uganda to reinstate amnesty and promote accountability for Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, rebels. Since the enactment of the Act in 2000, more than 26,000 former Ugandan rebels have received amnesty, of which approximately 13,000 are former LRA rebels.
On May 23, the Ugandan Minister of Internal Affairs announced the lapse of a key provision of the country’s Amnesty Act. Part II of the Act, which provided for the granting of amnesty to former rebels, was allowed to expire while the rest of the Act was renewed for 12 months.
"There is a critical window now to finally end the 25 year-long LRA war, and a key step on the path to peace is to encourage LRA combatants to lay down their arms," said John Bradshaw, Enough Project Executive Director. "The Obama administration should urge the Ugandan government to refrain from prosecuting any LRA fighters not indicted by the International Criminal Court and consider granting them amnesty provided they go through a truth-telling transitional justice process."
More than 30,000 LRA combatants have been abducted as children and forced against their will to fight and commit horrific atrocities.
"We want the Amnesty Act in place until a comprehensive law is in place for the transitional justice system to work," said Kenneth Oketta, Prime Minister for Ker Kwaro Acholi, a northern Ugandan cultural organization. "Abductees are still in captivity."
Although the LRA is no longer in Uganda, the group has continued to perpetrate grave human rights violations against civilians and pose a threat to stability in the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic, or CAR.
"We have messages being aired in DRC, CAR and South Sudan where we are asking the rebels to take advantage of the Amnesty Act and come home," said Archbishop John Baptist Odama of the Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative. "Removing amnesty will completely undermine these efforts."
The communique also calls for the adoption of additional procedures to promote greater accountability and reconciliation. The Ugandan government is obligated to promote reconciliation within the nation under the Ugandan constitution, Part III of the Amnesty Act, and the peace agreement relating to accountability and reconciliation signed by the government and the LRA.
On June 28, the Africa Growth Initiative at Brookings invited a diverse array of prestigious activists and leaders from the U.S. and Africa, including Enough Project Co-founder John Prendergast, to discuss opportunities and obstacles for South Sudan as the country approaches its one-year anniversary of independence. While the panelists were cautiously optimistic about the progress Africa’s newest nation has made, many expressed concerns about South Sudan’s struggling economy and its remaining security challenges. Read More »
As anti-regime protests in Sudan enter their second week, the government is cracking down on activists and journalists. Security forces have used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse crowds and have detained hundreds of protesters since demonstrations began at the University of Khartoum on June 16. The most recent display of government force has been its systematic suppression of the media and recent reports of a shutdown of internet and cellphone access in Khartoum. Read More »
“I ran because I saw many militias and SAF,” said Malak Miyen, an elderly Ngok Dinka man. “I survived because of God.” Malak was in Abyei town when Sudan government forces and allied militias violently took over the Abyei territory in May 2011, in response to alleged South Sudan army provocation. For over a year, he has been displaced in a town 37 kilometers south of Abyei town called Agok. A new Enough Project field dispatch, “Abyei In Flux,” examines the current security and political dynamics, and communities’ sentiments on the ground, as the contested area’s population returns home. Read More »
Well before the United Nations Group of Experts released its interim report on the current situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on June 21, it had created a massive stir. Details of the investigation had been leaked, revealing that evidence had been found linking the Rwandan government to the infamous March 23 Movement, or M23. Read More »