U.S. Policy

From Congress to Congo: Turning the Tide on Conflict Minerals, Closing Loopholes, and Empowering Miners

The tide on conflict minerals is starting to turn but more must be done to close loopholes that still allow smuggling. The most recent outbreak of violence in eastern Congo, spawned by the Rwanda-backed M23 rebellion, has economic interests at its core, as the rebels and their patrons are resolved to preserve their access to Congolese land and natural resources, including minerals. However, this masks noteworthy progress that companies and governments have made over the past 18 months to significantly diminish the ability of armed groups to generate income from conflict minerals.

Washington Post Oped: Keeping Sudan from Becoming Another Syria

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court for genocide, exhibits vulnerabilities that marked the final chapters of Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak and Libya’s Moammar Gaddafi. Meanwhile, he is doubling down on a strategy of starving, bombing, and arresting his opponents rather than engaging in meaningful reform. How Clinton and other international leaders respond will be crucial in determining whether he hangs on, like his counterpart in Syria, or goes the way of other Middle Eastern and North African dictators caught up in the winds of regional change.  Read More »

U.S. House and Senate Step Up Efforts to End the LRA

In response to the ongoing threat of the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, and the lack of regional coordination between LRA-affected countries, Congressional leaders sent a letter to President Obama calling for an LRA-focused meeting on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly. A Senate subcommittee approved additional funds for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities in support of counter-LRA operations.  Read More »

What is Khartoum Hiding?

A remark made last week by Sudan's ambassador to the United Nations is renewing suspicions that the Lord's Resistance Army is hiding in Sudan and receiving support from the Sudanese government again. Highly credible reports received by the Enough Project several days ago indicate that Kony was recently in Darfur and may still be there.  Read More »

U.N.: LRA Attacks on the Rise in Central Africa

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA, recently released a regional update on the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, in the Central African Republic, or CAR, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan. The LRA remains a significant threat in both CAR and Congo, and while new attacks haven’t been reported in South Sudan, the refugee situation remains dire.  Read More »

Clinton Heads to Uganda with Opportunity to Jumpstart Efforts on LRA

The State Department announced on Monday that U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is embarking this week on a trip to Africa that includes a stop in Uganda, where she will meet with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni. The visit provides a critical opportunity to jumpstart efforts to find solutions to these long-standing challenges. To make the most of her visit, Clinton should do three things, writes Resolve Executive Director Michael Poffenberger.  Read More »

U.K., Netherlands Suspend Millions in Aid to Rwanda

Two major European donors have announced suspension or delay of aid disbursements to the government of Rwanda, marking the first financial indication that Rwanda may be losing some of its European allies. The Dutch government announced today its suspension of 5 million euros, or approximately $6.18 million, in aid to Rwanda. The United Kingdom has also decided to delay 16 million pounds, or approximately $25.16 million, originally earmarked for Kigali, pending a decision about whether Rwanda has met aid conditions.  Read More »

Ending Genocide in the 21st Century

On Tuesday morning, July 24, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, or USHMM, brought together leaders from private, public, and nonprofit sectors to discuss global trends affecting genocide and innovative solutions to address future challenges related to mass killings.  Read More »

5 Stories You Might Have Missed This Week

A weekly round-up of must-read stories, posted every Friday.  Read More »

U.S. Cuts Funds to Rwanda Over Support to Congo’s M23 Rebellion

Over the weekend the U.S. State Department announced it was suspending $200,000 worth of Foreign Military Financing, or FMF, normally allocated to support a military academy in Rwanda. The suspension of aid is the first punitive action taken against Kigali since the allegations of support to the M23 rebellion in Congo surfaced in late June.  Read More »

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