Congo Publications

  • Feb 16, 2012

    This paper addresses the challenges of justice reform in Congo and explores potential solutions for the future. The ideas set forth are gleaned from discussions with many individuals on the front lines in this battle against impunity.

  • Feb 7, 2012

    The Great Lakes Contact Group meeting in Washington will focus on four urgent subject areas: the Congolese elections, security sector reform in Congo, conflict minerals, and armed groups and regional dynamics including the LRA. The following recommendations focus on areas where the Group can act to mitigate conflict and fill critical gaps in cross-border coordination and communication.

  • Nov 8, 2011

    With the Congolese elections just three weeks away Enough Project researcher in Goma, Fidel Bafilemba, considers President Kabila’s tenure and what the future may hold for the Congo.

  • Nov 3, 2011

    For peace and stability to take hold in Congo, reform must happen on multiple fronts. The final lead-up to Congo’s elections marks a pivotal moment for reform and conflict prevention in eastern Congo, where success will require increased involvement from the Obama administration, the Congolese government, and corporations, all pushing for conflict minerals monitoring, mine security, and community protection.

  • Oct 4, 2011

    Secretary of State Hillary Clinton traveled to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in August 2009, and expressed a strong commitment to addressing the causes of conflict and unconscionable loss of human life. It is time for the U.S. administration to back the secretary’s words and deliver on its promises aimed at bolstering democratic processes and ending violence against civilians.

  • Jul 20, 2011

    Violence is on the rise in eastern Congo, with attacks by the Rwandan FDLR rebel group increasing in recent months. Civil society representatives here in eastern Congo’s North and South Kivu provinces have continuously watched as the long-feared FDLR militia keeps a stranglehold on their villages, committing atrocities to hold their unwilling host communities subdued.

  • Jun 23, 2011

    Born out of the ongoing humanitarian catastrophe in eastern Congo, a group of prominent civil society organizations recently formed a coalition to address the linkage between natural resource exploitation and human rights abuses in the region.

  • May 5, 2011

    In order to inform certification efforts on conflict minerals from eastern Congo, this report gleans lessons from other certification processes, including those for fair labor, blood diamonds, forestry, and oil revenue transparency.

  • Feb 1, 2011

    This report, based on interviews conducted by John Prendergast and Fidel Bafilemba in North Kivu in November 2010, provides an overview of the extent to which the minerals trade from eastern Congo today remains dominated by a mafia network of military, political, and business interests in Congo, its neighbors, and within the supply chains that connect the mines to international markets.

  • Dec 13, 2010

    Enough presents an initial ranking on the progress made by the 21 electronics companies who source minerals from the Congo. This report focuses on the efforts within the industry to address the conflict minerals issue and also assesses the response of other industries that are reliant on the 3Ts and gold.

  • Oct 22, 2010

    Congolese President Joseph Kabila’s sudden ban on mineral exports from three eastern provinces has left many observers in the region questioning the effectiveness of the directive. It has also reportedly made life difficult for experts at Congo’s mining ministry in Kinshasa, who have been struggling with how to implement and enforce the ban.

  • Oct 19, 2010

    At rare moments during the course of a war, a confluence of factors come together to provide a window of opportunity for real conflict transformation. Now Congo has a unique opportunity to bring an end to more than 125 years of having its people and resources pillaged by colonial powers, international traders, neighbors, and foreign and domestic armed groups.

  • Aug 10, 2010

    Groups from the Lord’s Resistance Army continue to attack civilians throughout central Africa. Attacks against civilians in a remote corner of Bas Uele district in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo go largely unnoticed. Unlike most areas where the LRA operates, attacks in northern Bas Uele are intended to empty the area—of strategic importance to the LRA’s cross-border movement to the Central African Republic, or CAR—of civilians. The lack of a meaningful military force to challenge the LRA has turned the northern region of Bas Uele into a veritable haven for the brutal rebel group.  

  • Aug 4, 2010

    Senior commanders continue to benefit from Congo’s lucrative mineral trade. Striking examples of this trend are the staggering lifestyle and investments of some Congolese army officers here in the Kivus. Although official army salaries top out at 90,000 Congolese francs per month, less than $100, many Congolese generals and colonels own gas stations, run minerals exporters or ‘comptoirs’, and new buildings are sprouting up like mushrooms throughout cities of Goma, Bukavu, Butembo, Bunia and Kinshasa.

  • Jul 16, 2010

    The return of Congolese refugees from neighboring Rwanda remains a particularly contentious issue here in North Kivu, eastern Congo. This Dispatch presents a closer look at some of the patterns of returns and specific types of land disputes that have emerged during the past months, and their potential to further destabilize the region.