Congo Publications

  • May 3, 2012

    We, the 142 undersigned Congolese and international civil society and human rights organizations, call on the government of the United States to provide urgent diplomatic leadership and support to the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo to arrest Bosco Ntaganda.

  • May 3, 2012

    Concluding its first-ever trial, a panel of judges at the International Criminal Court issues a verdict in the case of Thomas Lubanga, finding him guilty of recruiting child soldiers. Lubanga, a Congolese warlord, was found guilty of recruiting, training, and using child soldiers in conflict. His deputy, Bosco Ntaganda, also faces similar charges at the ICC, however, he remains un-apprehended as a general in the Congolese Army, or FARDC.To provide context behind the events surrounding Ntaganda’s recent defection, the Enough Project has produced a new timeline chronicling the major occurrences since the conviction of Ntaganda’s former commander, Thomas Lubanga, by the ICC for three counts of war crimes. The timeline details the actions of Ntaganda, as well as the other defections, troop movements, diplomatic efforts, international involvement and clashes between the mutinous soldiers and the Congolese Army.

  • Apr 16, 2012

    The 2006 elections were a moment of great hope for the DRC, as the country and its people moved out of the shadow of one of the most destructive conflicts the world has known. Official development assistance since the end of the post-war transition totals more than $14 billion. External funding makes up nearly half of the DRC’s annual budget. The UN peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO, costs more than $1 billion a year.

  • Apr 13, 2012

    This Enough Project factsheet sheds light on who is Bosco Natanga, the infamous Congolese General, also known in the region as “The Terminator.” Incongruously, he’s been called both a war criminal and a lynchpin to regional stability; yet as a member and leader of several armed groups, he has left a bloody trail across the eastern Congo.

  • Feb 16, 2012

    This paper addresses the challenges of justice reform in Congo and explores potential solutions for the future. The ideas set forth are gleaned from discussions with many individuals on the front lines in this battle against impunity.

  • Feb 7, 2012

    The Great Lakes Contact Group meeting in Washington will focus on four urgent subject areas: the Congolese elections, security sector reform in Congo, conflict minerals, and armed groups and regional dynamics including the LRA. The following recommendations focus on areas where the Group can act to mitigate conflict and fill critical gaps in cross-border coordination and communication.

  • Nov 8, 2011

    With the Congolese elections just three weeks away Enough Project researcher in Goma, Fidel Bafilemba, considers President Kabila’s tenure and what the future may hold for the Congo.

  • Nov 3, 2011

    For peace and stability to take hold in Congo, reform must happen on multiple fronts. The final lead-up to Congo’s elections marks a pivotal moment for reform and conflict prevention in eastern Congo, where success will require increased involvement from the Obama administration, the Congolese government, and corporations, all pushing for conflict minerals monitoring, mine security, and community protection.

  • Oct 4, 2011

    Secretary of State Hillary Clinton traveled to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in August 2009, and expressed a strong commitment to addressing the causes of conflict and unconscionable loss of human life. It is time for the U.S. administration to back the secretary’s words and deliver on its promises aimed at bolstering democratic processes and ending violence against civilians.

  • Jul 20, 2011

    Violence is on the rise in eastern Congo, with attacks by the Rwandan FDLR rebel group increasing in recent months. Civil society representatives here in eastern Congo’s North and South Kivu provinces have continuously watched as the long-feared FDLR militia keeps a stranglehold on their villages, committing atrocities to hold their unwilling host communities subdued.

  • Jun 23, 2011

    Born out of the ongoing humanitarian catastrophe in eastern Congo, a group of prominent civil society organizations recently formed a coalition to address the linkage between natural resource exploitation and human rights abuses in the region.

  • May 5, 2011

    In order to inform certification efforts on conflict minerals from eastern Congo, this report gleans lessons from other certification processes, including those for fair labor, blood diamonds, forestry, and oil revenue transparency.

  • Feb 1, 2011

    This report, based on interviews conducted by John Prendergast and Fidel Bafilemba in North Kivu in November 2010, provides an overview of the extent to which the minerals trade from eastern Congo today remains dominated by a mafia network of military, political, and business interests in Congo, its neighbors, and within the supply chains that connect the mines to international markets.

  • Dec 13, 2010

    Enough presents an initial ranking on the progress made by the 21 electronics companies who source minerals from the Congo. This report focuses on the efforts within the industry to address the conflict minerals issue and also assesses the response of other industries that are reliant on the 3Ts and gold.

  • Oct 22, 2010

    Congolese President Joseph Kabila’s sudden ban on mineral exports from three eastern provinces has left many observers in the region questioning the effectiveness of the directive. It has also reportedly made life difficult for experts at Congo’s mining ministry in Kinshasa, who have been struggling with how to implement and enforce the ban.