Darfur and southern Sudan Publications

  • Sep 25, 2012

    On May 2, 2012, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2046, which called for, among other things, the government of Sudan’s acceptance of the Tripartite Proposal to facilitate the delivery of international humanitarian assistance to South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Today, nearly five months since Resolution 2046’s adoption, the Sudanese government continues to deny international humanitarian aid organizations with access to civilians. In this paper, the Enough Project proposes the following draft resolution that may serve as the basis for future U.N. Security Council action.   

  • Sep 13, 2012

    For over a year, the government of Sudan, led by alleged genocidaire President Omar al-Bashir, has denied international humanitarian aid organizations access to the states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, in which a coalition of armed opposition groups, known as the Sudan Revolutionary Front, or SRF, has been fighting against government forces.

  • Sep 6, 2012

    Sudan and South Sudan are engaged in a final round of talks to settle the outstanding issues of Abyei, border disputes and demarcation, security arrangements along the border, and citizenship. In the previous round, the two parties provisionally agreed to an economic deal.

  • Aug 21, 2012

    In early August 2012, the governments of Sudan and South Sudan concluded an agreement on oil and related financial transfers. Among other things, the agreement provides for South Sudan to transfer to Sudan, over a period of approximately three years, $3.028 billion. This cash transfer is in addition to the payment of identified fees for the use of pipelines and other oil infrastructure located in Sudan.

  • Aug 15, 2012

    Recently, the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, or SPLM-N, signed separate memoranda of understanding, or MOUs, with the so-called “Tripartite Partners” comprised of the United Nations, the African Union, and the League of Arab States. While challenges remain, the MOUs are a positive step forward in securing unfettered access for international humanitarian aid organizations to conflict-affected populations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

  • Aug 6, 2012

    Another Darfur peace agreement has failed, but the United Nations, or U.N., and some donor governments continue to prop up its implementation. This continued support is actually making matters worse in Darfur. By buttressing a dead peace deal, the interna- tional community is ignoring the ongoing conflict that the agreement did not address, while simultaneously contributing to the divide-and-conquer strategy of the Khartoum government, which seeks to negotiate separately with the various Darfur factions and to insulate the Darfur insurgency from other similar rebellions in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and – potentially – the East.

  • Aug 2, 2012

    The following chart is designed to summarize the Enough Project’s United Nations Security Council Resolution 2046 Compliance Tracker.

  • Jul 31, 2012

    In the last days before the August 2 deadline, Sudan and South Sudan’s positions on key outstanding issues remain far apart. This report provides an overview of the current positions of the two sides as of July 31, and advocates for increased international engagement.

  • Jul 23, 2012

    “They were shooting everyone. Women, men, children, and the old,” said Omer, a 28-year-old refugee from the town of Maganza in the Sudanese state of Blue Nile.

    “I was in the market,” he recalled, selling goods harvested from his farm. “I saw the soldiers coming and shooting and I heard the Antonovs.” Immediately, he ran from the market back home to find his family. But in the chaos, Omer left his three-year-old son. “The war was too much,” he said quietly. “There was not time to look for him.”

  • Jul 13, 2012

    As South Sudan celebrates the one year anniversary of its independence, the new nation and its citizenry are in the midst of a critical legal and political process: the drafting of a permanent constitution. Delays in this process risk undermining its credibility among South Sudan’s civil society, opposition political parties, and the international community.

  • Jun 19, 2012

    On June 7, yet another round of negotiations between officials from Sudan and South Sudan broke up without the conclusion of any concrete and sustainable agreements. This last round of talks centered, in large part, on discussions of the ill-defined international border that divides the two countries and related security issues.

  • Jun 14, 2012

    Nearly two years have passed since the governments of Sudan and South Sudan started negotiations on post-secession issues. Today, the two sides remain much as they were in July 2010, when the full negotiation teams first met for an initial exposure session and signed the guiding principles for the process.

  • May 10, 2012

    The recent volatility of the Sudan-South Sudan relationship raises important questions about why peace and stability between the two countries is so tenuous. From interviews conducted in Juba, South Sudan’s leaders appear open to continued talks and to the establishment of improved relations with Khartoum, especially in response to international pressure to do so. But there is a perceptible shift within the leadership in Juba toward disengagement with Sudan.

  • Apr 30, 2012

    In recent days the renewed hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan have caught the world’s attention. However, the back-and-forth between the two countries has often been difficult to follow. In light of this, the Enough Project has produced a new timeline to chronicle the often confusing events along the border and in the negotiating room.

  • Jan 26, 2012

    Since its independence last year, the Republic of South Sudan has successfully addressed a number of critical issues, but also has setbacks and challenges, many of which are the result of decades of war and neglect.