Darfur and southern Sudan Publications

  • Jan 23, 2012

    Prior to South Sudan’s independence in July 2011, Sudan was the largest country in Africa, bordering nine other states. Today, the two Sudans share a diverse and critical geopolitical sub-region that links the Sahara, the Sahel, the Horn, and the Great Lakes. In this report the Enough Project examines some of the two countries’ most important neighbors and regional relationships.

  • Jan 17, 2012

    In an attempt to shed light on what has occurred in the negotiations to date, as well as to inform future discussions concerning the process, and the AUHIP’s contribution to it, Enough has compiled the following timeline providing an overview of the negotiations to date, and reflecting the various changes to the process’ structure.

  • Dec 15, 2011

    The last round of negotiations between the government of Sudan and theSudan People’s Liberation Movement/Republic of South Sudan saw significant concessions made by the SPLM/RSS and a lack of political will to negotiate on the part of Khartoum. Although the two parties remain far apart in their positions, the SPLM/RSS proposal put forward in the last round paves the way for a comprehensive deal going forward.

  • Nov 29, 2011

    Enough has recently documented that Sudanese military forces in Blue Nile state have engaged in the killing and raping of civilians, resulting in tens of thousands of refugees and displaced persons fleeing for safety in neighboring Ethiopia and South Sudan, and within Blue Nile. On a trip to a location near Kurmuk in Blue Nile close to the Ethiopian border, Enough Project staff spoke to Blue Nile’s elected governor, Malik Agar, about the current situation and his aspirations for Sudan’s future.

  • Nov 1, 2011

    After a trip to the Ethiopian border, Enough Project researchers Amanda Hsiao and Omer Ismail report that Sudanese government forces and militias are killing and raping civilians in Blue Nile state, according to refugees who recently fled the fighting.

  • Sep 8, 2011

    The combination of current internal, regional and international variables could provide a real catalyst for future peace in Sudan. Demonstrations earlier this year, inspired by Arab Spring initiatives in neighboring countries, were ruthlessly crushed with draconian regime tactics—including rape of women involved in protests.

  • Aug 22, 2011

    Within its first month of independence, South Sudan was named  among the top five countries in the world where terrorist attacks are most likely to occur. Further attempts toward destabilization by militias are therefore imminent and are, in fact, likely still happening in the field.

  • Aug 4, 2011

    After a decades-long deadly struggle for freedom, South Sudanese celebrated for days over the realization of their dream of independent statehood. A new U.S. policy—rooted in the international responsibility to protect civilian life and democracy promotion—is desperately needed for these two new Sudans.

  • Jul 13, 2011

    The international community’s robust push for southern independence, while successful, has been the continuation of a long-standing piecemeal approach to Sudan that addresses the symptoms, rather than the root causes of the country’s conflicts. Less has been said of the fragility and potential for mass conflict that exists in what will be left of Sudan itself, and the policy changes needed to address this reality.

  • Jun 20, 2011

    When Sudan becomes two countries on July 9, 2011, the two new states will face multiple urgent crises. Without a change in international policy approach, Sudan’s internal strife will become an international conflict that could threaten the wider stability of the region and will certainly cause new levels of human suffering.

  • Apr 28, 2011

    The town of Malakal, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, is under siege. An increased Sudan People’s Liberation Army security presence is illustrative of the weaknesses of the government approach to dealing with militias, as well as the concerns of its citizenry.

  • Apr 4, 2011

    The Abyei area has often been called Sudan’s Kashmir, a territory claimed by two nations. It could more aptly be described as Sudan’s West Bank, where a local population is being progressively dislodged and displaced by government-backed settlements. This report presents an assessment of the current situation of ongoing violence in Abyei, and recommendations for a sustainable solution.

  • Mar 24, 2011

    As South Sudan edges toward independence in July 2011, Abyei remains a critical flashpoint for conflict, as demonstrated by the recent intentional burning of villages by forces reportedly aligned with the northern government, and the displacement of 20,000 residents.

  • Mar 4, 2011

    The human security situation in the Abyei region of Sudan has rapidly deteriorated in the past week due to renewed violence. Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has confirmed through satellite imagery that buildings consistent with civilian infrastructure appear to have been intentionally burned Maker Abior and Todach villages.

  • Mar 3, 2011

    This report, based on extensive interviews conducted in Upper Nile state in January and February 2011, provides an overview of the state of play among South Sudan’s militias, which continue to be a critical challenge to securing a peaceful separation between North and South Sudan, and to the formation of a stable new state.