Darfur and southern Sudan Publications

  • Apr 28, 2011

    The town of Malakal, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, is under siege. An increased Sudan People’s Liberation Army security presence is illustrative of the weaknesses of the government approach to dealing with militias, as well as the concerns of its citizenry.

  • Apr 4, 2011

    The Abyei area has often been called Sudan’s Kashmir, a territory claimed by two nations. It could more aptly be described as Sudan’s West Bank, where a local population is being progressively dislodged and displaced by government-backed settlements. This report presents an assessment of the current situation of ongoing violence in Abyei, and recommendations for a sustainable solution.

  • Mar 24, 2011

    As South Sudan edges toward independence in July 2011, Abyei remains a critical flashpoint for conflict, as demonstrated by the recent intentional burning of villages by forces reportedly aligned with the northern government, and the displacement of 20,000 residents.

  • Mar 4, 2011

    The human security situation in the Abyei region of Sudan has rapidly deteriorated in the past week due to renewed violence. Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has confirmed through satellite imagery that buildings consistent with civilian infrastructure appear to have been intentionally burned Maker Abior and Todach villages.

  • Mar 3, 2011

    This report, based on extensive interviews conducted in Upper Nile state in January and February 2011, provides an overview of the state of play among South Sudan’s militias, which continue to be a critical challenge to securing a peaceful separation between North and South Sudan, and to the formation of a stable new state.

  • Feb 15, 2011

    Given recent reports of escalating violence, including aerial bombardment of civilians, the challenges to achieving progress in Darfur remain urgent. Darfur must become a focus of U.S. and broader international policy equal to that of the North-South dynamic in Sudan.

  • Jan 11, 2011

    For the southerners living in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya, this week’s referendum on independence represents the best chance for returning to their homeland, and they are turning out in droves to vote.

  • Jan 7, 2011

    This Peace Watch update covers the referendum, incremental progress on post-referendum issues and continued deadlock on Abyei, and increasing violence threatening civilians in Darfur as the Doha talks once again stall.

  • Jan 6, 2011

    This field dispatch, which is the second of two focusing on the destabilizing factors that exist within Unity state, examines the fears that remain of renewed attacks by SPLA breakaway officer Gatluak Gai.

  • Jan 4, 2011

    This is the first of two field dispatches examining ongoing developments that threaten to destabilize Unity state, arguably one of the most strategic areas of South Sudan as it approaches a referendum.

  • Dec 21, 2010

    This Peace Watch update covers the progress of plans for the referendum proceeding despite abuse and legal challenges, an increase in violence and still no deal on Abyei, and hostilities in areas of Darfur increasing, but small progress in Doha negotiations.

  • Dec 16, 2010

    Enough recently traveled to the bombing site in Kiir Adem, where aerial bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces of a South Sudanese army installation and surrounding community conjure up memories of Sudan’s long civil war and underscore the fragility of peace, especially along the country’s long, contested border.

  • Dec 10, 2010

    As South Sudan approaches its referendum, key developments covered in this issue include: challenges in the referendum planning process, still no deal on Abyei, minor progress on post-referendum negotiations, Pand rospects for a sustainable peace deal dwindle for Darfur.

  • Nov 30, 2010

    Five years after facilitating the signing of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement, the U.S. government is once again engaging with the two Sudanese parties to prevent renewed conflict in Sudan. Former State Department official Jeff Millington offers a retrospective look at the strategy pursued by the U.S. government from the late 1990s to 2005 that produced the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

  • Nov 19, 2010

    As South Sudan approaches its referendum, key developments covered in this issue include:referendum registration beginning, Presidents Bashir and Kiir set to talk on Abyei, and an escalation of fighting in Darfur.