Sudan and South Sudan

White House Boosts Effort to Salvage North-South Peace in Sudan - The Washington Post

Jun 24, 2009
Mary Beth Sheridan

The Obama administration stepped up its efforts yesterday to salvage a four-year-old peace accord for Sudan, convening officials from 32 countries and international organizations amid fears that Africa's longest-running civil war could resume.

The conference came after years in which the world's attention was focused on a separate Sudanese conflict, in the western region of Darfur. In the meantime, implementation of the agreement ending the country's north-south fight has lagged.

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Limited Progress Made to Rescue Peace Accord - Inter Press Service

Jun 23, 2009
Marina Litvinsky and Jim Lobe

WASHINGTON, Jun 23 (IPS) - The United States Tuesday urged the government of Sudan and former rebels in the south to re-invigorate their 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), as 30 Sudanese political leaders met with 170 observers from 32 countries and international organisations here to discuss the faltering CPA, which expires in 2011.

"We are facing some very important milestones in the near future ... they will set the foundation, for better or for worse, of the very future of Sudan," U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Jim Steinberg said in welcoming the delegates assembled at the Park Hyatt Hotel.

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Pretzel Logic

Andrew Natsios

South Sudan at a Crossroads - On the Ground (New York Times)

Jun 22, 2009
Nicholas Kristof

For the first half of this year, more people have been killed in South Sudan than in Darfur, Enough Project notes in an excellent new report. It’s another reminder that the focus has to be on “Save Sudan” rather than just “Save Darfur.”

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STRATEGY PAPER: Sudan: The Countdown

May 22, 2009

For Immediate Release
June 22, 2009

Eileen White Read, 202.741.6376


STRATEGY PAPER: Sudan: The countdown

the strategy paper.

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Obama administration is bringing together key signatories and representatives from more than 30 countries and organizations in Washington this week in an effort to reinvigorate Sudan’s troubled Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA, which ended a more than 20-year civil war in Sudan. A new strategy paper by the Enough Project at the Center for American Progress previews what will be discussed at the administration’s meeting and provides policy recommendations and an historical perspective on the most pressing issues.

“Sudan: The Countdown,” discusses the difficult current state of play in north-south Sudanese politics and argues that the international community needs to adopt a new approach to the crucial final period before a referendum will be held on self-determination for southern Sudan, which will formally end the CPA. The referendum, which is scheduled for 2011, in just 19 months, is the final benchmark outlined by the CPA, the agreement that ended a more than 20-year civil war between northern and southern Sudan.

Unfortunately, the strategy paper says, there continue to be delays in implementing many of the CPA’s outstanding provisions. These delays and increased violence in southern Sudan highlight the myriad problems that exist with the current approach to the complex and ambitious project of CPA implementation. The predominant National Congress Party’s pattern of selective CPA implementation and a recent spate of inter-communal violence throughout the South are threatening to derail the CPA process before 2011, argues the strategy paper, authored by Professor Gerard Prunier and Enough Project Policy Assistant Maggie Fick.

John Norris, the executive director of the Enough Project, notes, “One of the key problems with the CPA to date has been the fact that the parties to the CPA, particularly President Bashir’s National Congress Party, have not faced any cost from the international community for a failure to implement key provisions of the agreement. Unless that changes, conflict in Sudan will only intensify.”

Adds co-author Maggie Fick, “The myriad challenges and risks facing Sudan in the next 19 months cannot be addressed and mitigated unless the international community adopts a new approach to the crucial final stages of CPA implementation.”

READ the strategy paper.


To set up an interview with Enough Executive Director John Norris or Co-founder John Prendergast on the administration’s crucial Sudan meetings this week, email Associate Director of Press Relations Eileen White Read at, or phone 202-741-6376.

Visit the Enough Project’s blog, Enough Said, for updates on this issue. Follow the Enough Project on Twitter,

JOINT STATEMENT: Obama Administration's Sudan Summit

Jun 22, 2009


Eileen White Read, 202.741.6376

JOINT STATEMENT: Obama Administration's Sudan Summit

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Delegations from north Sudan’s National Congress Party, or NCP, and south Sudan’s Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, or SPLM, will meet here tomorrow at a conference organized by Special Envoy to Sudan Major General Scott Gration to address disputes over the stalled implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA. Save Darfur Coalition President Jerry Fowler, Enough Project Executive Director John Norris, and Genocide Intervention Network Executive Director Sam Bell issued the following statement:

“The Sudan advocacy community is encouraged by the U.S. government’s initiative to bring together NCP and SPLM representatives to assess the status of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.  For too long, the international community has been slow in responding to the sputtering pace of CPA implementation and the NCP’s attempts to undermine the agreement. The conference shows a welcome renewed commitment from the United States to lead the international community in re-engaging with the CPA. 

“We expect tomorrow’s conference to address several issues that are critical to peace in Sudan. Parties to the CPA should also focus on long-term policy objectives that, after the referendum, will help prevent a violent collapse of the Sudanese state.

“In particular, we hope that the conference will make progress on the following:

Key unimplemented CPA provisions, including:

  • Abyei: Abyei has been the site of multiple violations of the CPA-mandated ceasefire and is hotly contested.
  • North/South border demarcation: Delayed demarcation of the border between northern and southern Sudan is further amplifying the pressures between the NCP and the SPLM. Decisions on the border are bound to provoke strong reactions, but are critical to the successful implementation of the CPA.
  • Joint Integrated Units, or JIUs: Created by the CPA to encourage cooperation between the northern and southern armed forces, JIUs have been badly and belatedly implemented. In many cases, their presence has led to increased violence.

Ensuring elections in a safe environment without additional delays. Elections are not a silver bullet and will not guarantee democratic governance. However, they should be supported as an opportunity to press for greater political freedom and participation no matter the outcome. Specifically, the international community should push for revisions to key Sudanese legislation pertaining to elections, including the National Elections Act, Press and Media Law, and the National Security Act.
Negotiations between the NCP and SPLM on a long-term wealth sharing agreement. Discussions of access to land for populations with diverse needs and livelihoods and planning for mutually beneficial development of oilfields in the contested border region could ease tensions over border demarcation and generate momentum for further cooperation.
“CPA implementation should be reprioritized as part of a comprehensive approach to ending Sudan’s conflicts. This approach must also recognize that Sudan’s complex conflicts have a common core: flawed governance by a center that exploits and marginalizes an underdeveloped periphery.
“The successful implementation of the CPA is essential to achieving peace in Sudan, but it cannot stand alone.  The original intent of this agreement was to provide a transformative framework for peace and democracy for all of Sudan.  It is our hope that the revitalizing of the CPA at this conference will also bolster parallel efforts to reach a peaceful settlement in Darfur.”

To set up an interview with Enough Executive Director John Norris or Co-founder John Prendergast on the administration’s crucial Sudan meetings this week, email Associate Director of Press Relations Eileen White Read at, or phone 202-741-6376.

Visit the Enough Project’s blog, Enough Said, for updates on this issue. Follow the Enough Project on Twitter,


About the coalition: The Save Darfur Coalition - an alliance of more than 180 faith-based, advocacy and human rights organizations - raises public awareness about the ongoing genocide in Darfur and mobilizes a unified response to the atrocities that threaten the lives of people throughout the Darfur region. The coalition's member organizations represent 130 million people of all ages, races, religions and political affiliations united together to help the people of Darfur. For more information on the coalition, please visit

Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on crises in Sudan, Chad, eastern Congo, northern Uganda, Somalia, and Zimbabwe. Enough's strategy papers and briefings provide sharp field analysis and targeted policy recommendations based on a "3P" crisis response strategy: promoting durable peace, providing civilian protection, and punishing perpetrators of atrocities. Enough works with concerned citizens, advocates, and policy makers to prevent, mitigate, and resolve these crises. Visit

About Genocide Intervention Network - Genocide Intervention Network is working to build the first permanent anti-genocide constituency, mobilizing the political will to stop genocide when it occurs.  Accessible online at, Genocide Intervention Network empowers individuals with the tools to stop genocide.

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