Press Releases

New Report on Central African Republic: Enough Project Finds Diamonds, Oil, Ivory, and Regional Interests are Behind Violence

May 1, 2014
For Immediate Release: 1 May 2014


Christina DiPasquale: 202.716.1953,
Alec Saslow: 720.319.4948,

New Report on Central African Republic: Enough Project Finds Diamonds, Oil, Ivory, and Regional Interests are Behind Violence

Extensive Field Research Argues that the U.S., U.N. Must Help Cut Off Illicit Revenues of Violent Groups, Support a Comprehensive Peace Process

As violence grows in the Central African Republic, with fears of intensifying divisions and northern secession, the Enough Project released its first report on the conflict, “Behind the Headlines: Drivers of Violence in the Central African Republic.” In the report, author Kasper Agger, field researcher at the Enough Project, draws upon extensive interviews in CAR with combatants and leaders to document the ties between CAR’s natural resources and armed groups, including Anti-Balaka, Séléka, and Janjaweed. Featuring satellite images, the report finds that the illicit trade in diamonds and elephant ivory is supplying armed groups, and regional oil interests are at the heart of the conflict. A comprehensive peace process is critical.


Enough Project Field Researcher and author of the report Kasper Agger, said: “To prevent the number of dead bodies from growing in CAR, the US and UN should support an inclusive peace process to break the deadly cycle of violence. The UN should send experienced mediators to work with interim President Samba-Panza to kick-start a political process with local dialogues and reconciliation across the country.”

The report outlines the connections between senior Séléka leaders, Chadian and Sudanese government-backed armed groups, mercenaries, poachers, and diamond traders. It also finds that Anti-Balaka militias also control diamond-rich areas. These include Boda, a town in southwestern CAR where satellite imagery from DigitalGlobe shows that more than 800 structures were damaged or destroyed as a result of escalating violence.

The research reveals that revenues from diamonds and elephant ivory are funding Séléka and other fighters in CAR, enabling them to purchase weapons, fuel, and poaching equipment. Diamonds mined in CAR are sold to traders in the Darfur region of Sudan, as well as Chad, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The traders circumvent the international Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and are likely sold on the world market in the United Arab Emirates, Belgium, India, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar.

Enough Project Senior Policy Analyst Sasha Lezhnev said, “Diamonds are a rebel's best friend in CAR, as armed groups smuggle blood diamonds and trade them for arms. The U.S. and China should urge the Kimberley Process to send a review mission to investigate the world's trading centers where CAR's blood diamonds are likely being traded, in particular Dubai.”

The report’s recommendations to stem the violence include:

  • The United Nations should deploy experienced mediators to work with U.S. Special Representative Symington and a diverse group of CAR leaders to spur a bottom-up peace process with CAR leaders, involving armed groups and civil society.
  • The U.N. Panel of Experts, the U.N.-appointed Commission of Inquiry on CAR, and the International Criminal Court should coordinate investigations and pursue accountability for those most responsible for the violence in CAR, including those involved in sexual violence and economic criminal activity.
  • The African Union should appoint a special envoy to address transnational security and economic matters that involve CAR, Sudan, and Chad.
  • The African Union and the United Nations should mediate negotiations between the governments of Chad and CAR on a bilateral agreement for the exploration of the cross-border oilfields between the two states.
  • The Enough Project has historically focused on grave crimes in countries neighboring CAR, including Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army. Beginning with this report and the Enough Project’s testimony at the House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing today, the D.C.-based atrocity prevention organization is expanding its work to analyze the drivers and facilitators of the conflict in CAR and advocate for approaches that build sustainable peace.

Further resources:

To speak with an Enough Project spokesperson, please contact Alec Saslow (720.319.4948, or Christina DiPasquale (202.716.1953,

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to

Press Advisory: Kasper Agger to Testify at House Hearing on CAR

Apr 30, 2014

Washington, D.C. -- The Enough Project's Field Researcher Kasper Agger will testify tomorrow, May 1, at 10:00 am at the House Foreign Relations Committee hearing, "The Central African Republic: 'Pre-genocide' to Genocide?" along with a high-level panel of CAR experts including The Honorable Robert P. Jackson, The Honorable Anne Richard, Sean Callahan, Madeline Rose, and The Honorable Robin Renee Sanders. 

Following a recent trip to CAR, Agger will be testifying about the underlying drivers of the conflict, including natural resource exploitation and regional dynamics, and identify ways the international community can support sustainable peace and stability.

Kasper Agger, Enough Project Field Researcher, states: 

“CAR’s rich natural resources and fragile state institutions have for decades attracted many actors who seek to profit from and also fuel violence that has killed, wounded, and displaced millions. There is an urgent need to recognize the regional implications of these dynamics and the interests of the many transnational actors involved in the illicit trade of natural resources. If U.S. policymakers are able to identify these interests and adopt a regional approach to the diplomatic strategy in CAR, they can play a vital role in the effort to cut off the revenues of violent actors.”

The hearing will be available via a live webcast here.

The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to

Enough Project: Trimming Minerals Disclosure Rule is a Step Backward for Atrocity Prevention

Apr 14, 2014

Enough Project Media Advisory


Contact: Carine Umuhumuza,, 202-478-5314

Today, a United States district court of appeals ruled that part of the SEC's conflict minerals rule requiring companies to disclose whether or not they use conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of Congo and surrounding countries is unconstitutional.

Enough Project Policy Associate Holly Dranginis said:

"The appeals court's ruling on the first amendment issue is a major step backward for atrocity prevention in the Great Lakes region of Africa and corporate accountability in the United States.. Requiring companies to come clean about whether their materials fuel armed violence is constitutional and reflective of our intolerance as a society for turning a blind eye to human suffering. The court's proposal that a conflict-free determination is ideological is unfounded and undercuts the power of society's growing awareness that global markets and security in fragile states are in fact linked.

As the court said today, "minerals do not fight conflict." But they do fund conflict, a fact that drove Congress and a major public movement to establish this rule in the first place. The SEC should appeal today's ruling for the conflict minerals rule to stay in tact, ensuring companies continue the good work they began when the conflict minerals rule was created."

Enough Project Senior Policy Analyst Sasha Lezhnev said: 

"The law is already eating away at the finances of warlords in Congo, with over two-thirds of tin, tantalum, and tungsten mines now free of armed groups. While the SEC rule is being decided by the courts, consumers and investors are more aware than ever about conflict minerals and will be holding companies accountable for what they are or are not doing on conflict minerals." 


The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to

Mass Atrocity Prevention Post Rwanda and Darfur

Apr 7, 2014

Contact: Mark Quarterman,, 202-372-6295
Mass Atrocity Prevention Post Rwanda and Darfur

Washington, DC – Today, Rwandans and the international community will commemorate the 20th anniversary of the 1994 genocide that killed 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in 100 days. As commemorations unfold worldwide, an Enough Project report, released today, discusses modern mass atrocity prevention as we mark the anniversary of Rwanda’s genocide and recognize the 10th year of genocide in Darfur. The report “Rwanda 20 and Darfur 10: New Responses to Africa's Mass Atrocities” calls for a renewed approach to addressing the interlinked nature of modern-day African conflicts and mass atrocity crimes. 

In the twenty years since the Rwandan genocide, Africa’s wars have become increasingly marked by integrated conflict systems, which spill over borders and include an array of armed groups. The conflicts, spanning the Horn of Africa, East Africa, and Central Africa, have taken the lives of hundreds of thousands of people. Conventional peace processes and peacekeeping operations, however, are limited in scope and have largely failed to address the complexities of modern African conflict and mass atrocities. As a result, they fail to address the core systemic drivers of violence. 

Enough Project co-founder and author of the report, John Prendergast, says: 

"Without addressing the complicated transnational root causes of conflict and mass atrocities, without being much more inclusive, without dealing decisively with spoilers, and without integrating broader regional actors, today’s peace processes have no chance of producing sustainable peace."

To combat this, the report argues for new approaches to peacemaking and civilian protection that make a real difference in the lives of people in conflict-ridden regions. A new strategy should be marked by broader peace mechanisms, which include an effective response system from the international community and comprehensive and regional peace processes that address core drivers of conflict.

Read the report, “Rwanda 20 and Darfur 10: New Responses to Africa's Mass Atrocities” - 

Feingold, Robinson, Kobler, and Dos Santos Must Play Critical New Roles in Congo Peace Process

Apr 3, 2014

Embargoed : April 3, 2014 12:01AM EST

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza,, 202-478-5314

Feingold, Robinson, Kobler, and Dos Santos Must Play Critical New Roles in Congo Peace Process 

 Washington, DC - Angola’s emergence as the regional leader of the DRC peace process has given new life to ending the world’s deadliest war since WWII, argues a new Enough Project report. The report, “Feingold, Robinson, Kobler and Dos Santos: International Keys to Peace in Congo” urges U.S. Special Envoy Russ Feingold, U.N. Special Envoy Mary Robinson, U.N. Special Representative Martin Kobler, and Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos to build on the successes in Congo over the past year by revitalizing a two-track, inclusive peace process for Congo, with one track focusing on regional issues and the other on internal ones.
The report argues that the regional track of the peace process should focus on making sure the negotiations led by the heads of state address the security and economic drivers of the war, and that the domestic track should ensure that Congo undertakes domestic governance reforms. Both tracks should link closely to civil society, private sector, and women’s dialogues launched by UN Special Envoy Robinson.
Sasha Lezhnev, Enough Project Senior Policy Analyst and co-author of the report, said: 

“The road to peace in Congo is at a critical crossroads. Now that the M23 poses a much lesser threat, there are four major roadblocks to peace: the FDLR, conflict gold and smuggling, a lack of accountability for war crimes, and Congo's frustrated elections. U.S. and U.N. Special Envoys Russ Feingold and Mary Robinson should work closely with Angolan President dos Santos to broker talks on the first three critical issues while encouraging Congolese President Kabila to not run for another term.”

John Prendergast, Enough Project co-founder and co-author of the report, said:

“The foundation for a viable, comprehensive peace process for the deadly war in the Congo is finally emerging. The obstacles, however, are daunting.  Focusing on meaningful steps forward on specific issues that have fanned the flames of regional intervention will go a long way to extinguishing the fires that have burned in Congo since the 1994 Rwandan genocide spilled across their common border.  Bringing an end to the FDLR, creating a clean minerals export trade, and ensuring justice for human rights crimes will remove incentives for neighboring states to destabilize Congo and instead promote peaceful, transparent cooperation throughout the region.”   

Read the report, “Feingold, Robinson, Kobler and Dos Santos: International Keys to Peace in Congo”:

Addressing Root Causes of Sudan’s Wars Key to Sudan Peace Agenda

Apr 1, 2014

Enough Project Press Release

Embargoed Until: April 1, 2014, 12:01am EST 

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza,, 202-478-5314

Addressing Root Causes of Sudan’s Wars Key to Sudan Peace Agenda

Washington, DC — As the African Union convenes talks with the Sudanese government and rebel leaders, a new Enough Project report advocates a more comprehensive and inclusive  humanitarian ceasefire and an overall peace process that addresses urgent needs across Sudan’s periphery in a coordinated way. The report, “Sudan’s Tortured Peace Process,” urges African Union and American diplomats to recognize the interconnected nature of Sudan’s conflicts and pursue approaches that recognize the interests of all parties. It argues that a comprehensive approach, addressing marginalization across Sudan, can bring transformative political change that Sudanese people demand.

Sudan’s peace processes are currently segmented, with separate, ineffective frameworks for Darfur and the Two Areas (South Kordofan and Blue Nile). The separate structures fail to reflect the interconnected nature of the rebel coalition and the active conflicts--where a break in hostilities in one area can worsen the fighting elsewhere. As talks on the Two Areas resume in Addis Ababa, rebel leaders seek discussion of broader issues while Sudanese government officials and African Union mediators resist holistic talks. Many groups, including Sudanese civil society organizations, independent international analysts, African Union and European Union leaders, and U.S. officials have endorsed a comprehensive approach. The international community has failed, however, to commit the necessary diplomatic resources to build a broad international coalition to support such a peace process.

As violence escalates and urgent humanitarian needs increase, the divided approach to integrated problems undermines efforts to address urgent humanitarian needs.

Omer Ismail, Enough Project Sudan Advisor, says: 

"The international community has done little to reject this stove-piping of Sudan’s conflicts. As conflicts in Sudan’s periphery worsen, the negotiating parties must stop pursuing this dead-end approach to the peace process that plays directly into Khartoum’s divide and conquer strategy." 

To effectively advance a holistic peace agenda in Sudan, the report recommends that African Union and U.S. leaders take four critical steps: 

1. African Union mediators should unify national dialogues and separate peace processes to comprehensively address conflicts in Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile and eastern Sudan.
2. The U.S. should build an international coalition to push for a comprehensive peace process and boost its diplomatic efforts by deploying an additional U.S. envoy.
3. American lawmakers should pass a measure to allow capacity-building support for Sudan’s opposition and civil society; and 
4. The U.S. should use targeted sanctions and other sources of financial leverage to pressure combatants to pursue a comprehensive peace initiative.

Akshaya Kumar, Enough Project Sudan and South Sudan Analyst, says:

"A divided peace process mounts especially high stakes for civilians living in Sudan’s conflict-affected areas. This year’s rainy season is beginning early, putting millions at risk of food insecurity. An estimated four million in Sudan now face “emergency level” insecurity."

Read the full report, “Sudan’s Tortured Peace Process”:

Enough Project Applauds Obama Administration's Bolstering of Counter-LRA Mission

Mar 24, 2014

Enough Project Media Advisory



Contact: Sandi Fox,, 202-478-6325

Enough Project Applauds Obama Administration's Bolstering of Counter-LRA Mission

WASHINGTON, DC -- The Obama administration announced on March 23 that it will enhance the counter-LRA mission by deploying at least four high-speed, troop-transporting CV-22 Osprey helicopters. The helicopters will support the African Union Regional Task Force.

The Enough Project is encouraged by the additional support offered by the administration and applauds President Obama’s dedication to ending the LRA, which has been killing civilians and abducting children in central Africa since 1987.

Enough Project Field Researcher Kasper Agger said:

“The Osprey helicopters are a critical new piece of the puzzle in the mission to end the LRA. This will enable the African partner forces of the U.S. to be able to act swiftly to apprehend Kony and other LRA leaders who continue to terrorize civilians in central Africa. The deployment confirms the U.S. resolve regarding the mission and sends a strong signal about the Obama administration’s commitment to atrocity prevention.”

Sasha Lezhnev said:

“The new U.S. helicopters are like a turbo boost for the mission to find Kony. They give the operation the ability to act much more quickly on intelligence. The forces will now be able to search in several places at once, and when there is a report of Kony's whereabouts, the Ospreys can get there quickly. The White House deserves praise for bolstering the LRA mission, as backing off would allow Kony to regroup and perpetrate mass atrocities once again.”


The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to

DR Congo: US, UN Must Address Sexual Violence in Peace Process

Mar 20, 2014


Contact: Carine Umuhumuza,, 202-478-5314

DR Congo: US, UN Must Address Sexual Violence in Peace Process 

Washington, D.C. — Addressing sexual and gender-based violence—a defining feature of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo—is critical to the success of Congo’s peace process, argues a new Enough Project report released today. The report, “Interrupting the Silence: Addressing Congo’s Sexual Violence Crisis within the Great Lakes Regional Peace Process,” urges U.S. and U.N. policymakers to integrate tools to end sexual and gender-based violence and to address the links between sexual violence, and the economic and political drivers of war in Congo’s peace process.

In the Congo, sexual and gender-based violence, or SGBV, is a tool of war, committed often in tandem with other human rights violations, including land grabs, illicit minerals trading, and forced displacement. Rape and other forms of sexual violence have been used to instill fear, distrust, and shame and manipulate group psychologies, which in turn weaken community networks, and undermine the protection of women and children. Discourse on SGBV in the context of war has long been isolated from topics of conflict economics and security in Congo. Additionally, the lack of reliable statistics on SGBV in Congo has hindered a holistic understanding of the problem, despite increased international attention in the past several years.  New research, however, highlights its inextricable links with the conflict as a whole and affirm the scale and severity of the problem and its impact on Congolese society. 

Holly Dranginis, Enough Project Policy Associate and author of the report, says: 

"Women are still being raped in Congo at very high rates, and severe stigma maintains its grasp on survivors. Perpetrators are getting away with these crimes. Congo’s peace process, with its renewed momentum and unprecedented international support, presents an opportunity to stop this horror. We need practical policy changes to protect women and girls and sophisticated, high-level prosecutions to send a clear message that those who use rape to exert power and control will not go unpunished."

“Interrupting the Silence” warns that the exclusion of SGBV and women’s empowerment in the greater peace process could undermine the development of a truly peaceful post-conflict society. To combat this, the report recommends that international and regional stakeholders emphasize the empowerment and inclusion of women within the peace agenda, including: 

  • Decision-making opportunities in the the Great Lakes Women’s Platform, launched by U.N. Special Envoy Mary Robinson last month; 
  • Assisting in the establishment of a mixed chamber to prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity, including SGBV; and 
  • Integrating a gendered perspective into security sector reform and DDR programs.

The continued transformation of eastern Congo’s minerals sector, particularly gold, into a formalized, conflict-free trade would also combat sexual violence by providing economic opportunities for women and pushing armed groups out of mines they often control by committing rape, sexual torture, and enslavement against civilians.

John Prendergast, Enough Project Co-Founder, says:

"Sexual violence is a tool of social control and terror. It is impossible to separate as its own crisis isolated from rebel offensives, illicit minerals trading, and security sector reform. For high-level policymakers to drive an effective peace process, sexual violence must be addressed alongside these more traditional economic and political challenges and with the same urgency and commitment."

Read the report:

UN: Authorize Peacekeeping Mission for Central African Republic

Mar 13, 2014


Leading Rights Groups Urge Rapid Action 

(New York, March 13, 2014) – The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) should immediately authorize the deployment of a strong UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic(CAR), nine leading African and international human rights groups said today in a joint letter to the foreign ministers of security council member states. Such a mission, as envisioned in the report UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon submitted to the council on March 3, 2014, is urgently needed to protect civilians in the country. 

The groups signing the letter are: Amnesty International, the Central African League for Human Rights (LCDH), the Central African Observatory for Human Rights (OCDH), Enough Project, the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Human Rights Watch, Humanity United, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), and Invisible Children.

“With an entire year of bloodshed in CAR, the security council should have authorized a UN peacekeeping mission months ago,” said Philippe Bolopion, UN director at Human Rights Watch. “There is a massive humanitarian and human rights crisis in the country, which has not received the response needed to protect thousands of people who have endured killings, rape, pillage, and displacement from their homes.” 

The human rights crisis plaguing the country since the Seleka took power in March 2013 is compounded by complete impunity for serious human rights abuses. The country has experienced, according to the UN report, a “total breakdown of law and order,” with a collapsed justice system, wrecked correctional facilities, and security forces unable to function. Even the most blatant crimes have gone unpunished. 

Despite an increase in international attention to this crisis, the UN secretary-general found a “grave deterioration of the human rights situation” in the country. The deployment of close to 6,000 African Union (AU) troops and 2,000 French troops is, according to the UN, “not sufficient, and lacks the civilian component to adequately protect civilians.” French and AU forces have not been able to stem the flight of Muslim communities to neighboring countries. In Bangui, according to the UN, only 900 of 140,000 Muslims remain in the capital, and those left behind fear for their lives.  

Seleka forces have retreated to the north with most of their weapons and equipment and continue to pose a serious threat to civilians. Anti-balaka forces continue to torment the few remaining Muslim residents in the country.

The joint letter says that only a strong UN peacekeeping mission, with the resources and the civilian expertise needed to improve the protection of civilians, can help create conditions conducive to the delivery of desperately needed humanitarian aid, help re-establish the basic functions of the rule of law in the country, create the conditions for a safe and voluntary return of displaced people, monitor and report publically on human rights violations, and disarm and reintegrate armed elements.

“The residents of Central African Republic have waited long enough,” said Bolopion. “The time for action by the UN Security Council is now.”

To view the joint letter to the foreign ministers of UNSC member states, please visit:

For more Human Rights Watch reporting on the Central African Republic, please visit:

For more information, please contact:
In New York, for Human Rights Watch, Philippe Bolopion (English, French): +1-917-734-3201; or Follow on Twitter @Bolopion
In New York, for the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Naomi Kikoler (English): +1-347-839-0663; or
In Paris, for the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Central African League for Human Rights (LCDH), and the Central African Observatory for Human Rights (OCDH), Florent Geel (English, French, Spanish, Greek): +33-6-48-06-92-23; or Follow on Twitter @fidh_africa and @florentGEEL
In San Francisco, for Humanity United, Tim Isgitt (English): +1-202-669-1917; or
In Washington, DC, for Enough Project, Carine Umuhumuza (English, Kinyarwanda): +1-202-478-5314; or Follow on Twitter @EnoughProject

Abyei: Renewed Violence Increases the Risk of War

Mar 13, 2014


Contact: Carine Umuhumuza,, 202-478-5314

Abyei: Renewed Violence Increases the Risk of War

In the wake of renewed violence in the contested Abyei region that lies between Sudan and South Sudan, a new Enough Project policy alert warns that intercommunal attacks with unclear degrees of state support are risking a conflagration within Abyei that threatens to drag both countries back into conflict. Looming Crisis: Open Wounds in Abyei Increase Risk of New War urges UNISFA to facilitate demilitarization of the area and calls on national, regional, and international stakeholders to move to resolve the final status of Abyei.

Abyei is home to the Ngok Dinka semi-sedentary communities, and the nomadic Misseriya migrate across the area annually to graze their cattle and access water sources. Due to long-term grievances that the promised referendum will never occur and Abyei has been abandoned, the Ngok Dinka are now challenging the Misseriya’s traditional, annual migration south ahead of the rainy season. The current violence is threatening the livelihood of the Misseriya and exacerbating already high tensions.

Since early February, attacks on communities and cattle have been reported in the villages of Makir, Athony, Marial Achak, Todac, and Dungop, killing dozens and causing hundreds of civilians to flee Abyei. The policy alert states that state and non-state actors have been active in and around the Abyei area, including 660 forces from South Sudan’s SPLA, 150 Sudanese police officers, and non-state actors and rebel groups loyal to Khartoum and Juba.

Maiwen Dot Pheot, Enough Research Associate and author of the policy alert, says,

“These political maneuvers come at a very expensive cost for civilians in the Abyei area. The Ngok Dinka people who were gradually returning to their areas for the last two years are now being displaced again. On the other hand, the Misseriya nomads will face challenges moving southward due to fears of reprisal attacks by the Ngok Dinka. The international community must redouble efforts to help local community leaders and governments in Juba and Khartoum to find a lasting solution to this potential powder keg."

In order to prevent the escalation of violence, the policy alert calls for the demilitarization of the region, which Sudan and South Sudan committed to three years ago. However, while demilitarization could quell future violence, a lasting solution to Abyei's conflict depends on determining the final status of the area. Therefore, the policy brief calls on Sudan and South Sudan to resume talks on Abyei and urges international stakeholders, including the African Union Peace and Security Council, to push for a lasting solution to the Abyei conflict based on the AUHIP’s proposal on Abyei. Only through the resolution of Abyei's political status will the people of the area be able to return to peaceful coexistence.

Read the report, “Looming Crisis: Open Wounds in Abyei Increase Risk of New War.”

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