Press Releases

New Report: UN, US should address FDLR and M23 rebel threats in Congo

Date: 
Oct 28, 2013

Enough Project Press Release
 
For Immediate Release
 
Contact:
Sandi Fox, sfox@enoughproject.org, 202-478-6325 

New Report: UN, US should address FDLR and M23 rebel threats in Congo
 
A new Enough Project report argues that the United Nations and U.S. government should address regional security threats in Africa's Great Lakes region by working with Congo, Rwanda, and the U.N. Intervention Brigade to contain the rebel groups Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, or FDLR, and M23. “Taking Back Eastern Congo: Comprehensively Addressing the FDLR and M23 Rebel Groups” discusses Congo and Rwanda’s most prominent security concerns, blending analysis, field research, and interviews in Goma and the surrounding region.
 
The report also provides recommendations for regional envoys. These recommendations include promoting a sustained focus on core security issues; developing disarmament and reintegration plans for the M23 and Congolese armed groups; and improving operational intelligence, humanitarian measures as well as public outreach for the U.N. peacekeeping mission and new intervention brigade.
 
The report takes stock of the strength levels and recent battlefield dynamics involving two key rebel groups with different connections to Rwanda that shape security concerns for governments on both sides of the Congo-Rwanda border. The FDLR is headed by some of the perpetrators of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, and it has attacked Rwanda in the past year. Kigali believes the FDLR poses an existential security threat. The M23 is an offshoot of several previous rebel groups, and the U.N. and other groups have linked it to the Rwandan government, but Kigali denies the link. “Taking Back Eastern Congo” argues that neutralizing a weakened FDLR through a more robust and comprehensive strategy could mitigate Rwanda’s security concerns in eastern Congo. Alleviating these Rwandan security concerns could, in turn, result in a more rapid solution to the M23.
 
Goma-based Enough Project field researcher and report co-author Timo Mueller says, “As the U.N. peacekeeping force and the Intervention Brigade work to improve their capabilities on the ground, it is also as important that the U.N., U.S., African Union, and European Union envoys encourage substantive talks to take place as soon as possible on the security interests of states in the region, including support for rebel groups.”
 
Enough Project field researcher and report co-author Fidel Bafilemba adds,“The people of eastern Congo have been bearing the brunt of the many atrocities of the FDLR rebel group. Regional leaders must finally commit to resolving this issue once and for all.”

Read the report, Taking Back Eastern Congo: Comprehensively Addressing the FDLR and M23 Rebel Groups: http://www.enoughproject.org/files/TakingBackEasternCongo-report.pdf

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.

Clooney's Satellite Sentinel Issues Human Security Alert for Sudan's South Kordofan and Abyei

Date: 
Oct 22, 2013

Satellite Sentinel Project Press Release 

For Immediate Release 

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5349

Clooney's Satellite Sentinel Issues Human Security Alert for Sudan's South Kordofan and Abyei

The Satellite Sentinel Project, which George Clooney founded along with John Prendergast in 2010, is issuing a human security warning for civilians living south of Kadugli in Sudan’s South Kordofan state and for those in the hotly contested Abyei area. Satellite images  reviewed by DigitalGlobe Analytics show unusually high levels of activity at several Sudan Armed Forces, or SAF, military installations in Sudan’s North and South Kordofan states, which could signal planned deployments toward several locations, including the highly contested Abyei area. DigitalGlobe satellite imagery also corroborates earlier reports of SAF destruction at Buram bridge in September 2013. The bridge destruction isolates two rebel-held towns, Tess and Buram, leaving civilians vulnerable to attack from SAF troops based nearby.

The destruction of Buram bridge, the increased troop buildup, and the appearance of new ground and air materiel at several military installations collectively point to a possible new SAF military campaign before the end of the rainy season. Hundreds of thousands of Sudanese civilians in South Kordofan are potentially at risk.

Akshaya Kumar, Sudan and South Sudan Policy Analyst at the Enough Project said: 

“Our ongoing satellite surveillance of Sudan can do more than document abuses after they happen. By combining credible information from citizen journalists in South Kordofan with analysis of satellite imagery, we're shining a spotlight on the potential for an attack, even before troops deploy. ”

Satellite Sentinel Project Co-Founder John Prendergast added, 

“The Sudanese government has repeatedly bombed this area and denied humanitarian access to people for years. The military buildup that is growing at once across several areas is a chilling indication of what could quickly escalate, particularly with the planned referendum in Abyei. The international community must send a strong signal to the Sudanese government it will not tolerate attacks on innocent Sudanese civilians and the deliberate destruction of homes and farmland.”

DigitalGlobe satellites and the Enough Project analysts will continue to monitor the Abyei area and watch for increased activity near Buram and Kadugli. The Satellite Sentinel Project will issue additional alerts on signs of the Sudanese army's southbound movement.

Read the alert, "Human Security Warning: Sudan Army Poised for Offensive in South Kordofan or Abyei": http://www.satsentinel.org/report/human-security-warning-sudan-army-poised-offensive-south-kordofan-or-abyei

Report: Rwanda's Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace

Date: 
Oct 16, 2013
Author: 
Sandi Fox

Enough Project Press Release

Date: 10/16/ 2013
Contact: Sandi Fox, sfox@enoughproject.org, (202) 478-6325

Report: Rwanda's Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace

WASHINGTON -- Conflict resolution efforts to end the war in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo will be unsuccessful if Rwanda's security, economic, and political interests that play central roles in the war are not addressed within the peace process, argues a new Enough Project report released today. Contentious relations between Congo and its neighbors have been a critical factor in making Congo the deadliest war in the world over the past 19 years. The report, “Rwanda's Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace” focuses on the Congo-Rwanda relationship and argues that U.N. and U.S. envoys to the region, Mary Robinson and Russ Feingold, should use a combination of incentives and pressures to address these interests.

“Rwanda and Congo are elephants in each other's living rooms," says Enough Project Co-Founder John Prendergast. “Until that relationship is addressed, and the interests that underlie it, there will be blood in eastern Congo."

Enough Project Senior Policy Analyst Sasha Lezhnev said:

"The key to unlocking peace is to expand the economic pie for Congo, Rwanda, and the region by bringing in a much more robust private sector that practices responsible investment in conflict-free minerals. Right now, the fighting is over surface-level mines, but the fact is that there are billions of dollars worth of mining deposits in the ground that lie undeveloped. If the U.N. and U.S. envoys build the right incentives for cooperation in the peace process, this investment will benefit all parties. Some will benefit from financial services, others will benefit from mining revenues, and others will benefit from new roads and infrastructure. Rwanda, Congo, and the region will then be financially invested in peace instead of war.”

The aftermath of the Rwandan genocide spilled into Congo in the mid-1990s, exacerbating preexisting intercommunal tensions and conflict. These tensions, coupled with the Congolese government’s deep corruption and bad governance created conditions in which the Congolese army and a host of militias have operated with impunity and destabilized eastern Congo. Additionally, Rwanda’s direct intervention in Congo at times and its periodic support for armed groups in eastern Congo have been central drivers of continuing conflict, states the report.

Rwanda’s core concerns include what it believes to be an existential security threat posed by the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, or FDLR, the Hutu extremist armed group based in eastern Congo, which has attacked Rwanda four times over the past year. Furthermore, Rwanda has economic interests in Congo in natural resources, land, and cross-border trade. Some of its interests have led to illicit activities, while it has pursued other interests through legitimate means. Rwanda has a domestic minerals sector but is also a transit point for Congolese minerals. Rwanda’s economy is reliant on the minerals trade because of the country’s significant trade deficit, and minerals are critical in filling this gap, as they are the country’s second-highest generator of foreign exchange. Illustratively, Rwanda's tantalum exports increased by 112 percent in the first six months of 2013 over the same period in 2012. The protection of Tutsi populations in Congo’s eastern provinces and the return of over 50,000 Congolese refugees to Congo are also core interests as stated by Rwanda.

To address these core interests, the report offers recommendations to the U.N. and U.S. envoys to build on the "11+4" Peace, Security, and Cooperation Framework signed in February 2013. Specifically, the envoys should work to incentivize both countries to create transparent, legitimate regional economic cooperation and to work to remove the security threats to regional governments, including the FDLR, the M23, and other armed groups. The report also emphasizes that verified state support from any government in the region to any armed group should result in targeted sanctions or other escalating repercussions. Furthermore, it recommends that the U.S. and U.N. envoys support increased efforts at accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity, both through the International Criminal Court and domestic processes.

While previous international peace initiatives have largely circumvented Rwanda’s role in the continuing conflict, this report emphasizes that any solution must address Rwandan economic and security concerns and push for Congo’s institutional reforms in order to be successful. The political will for peace and cooperation will develop only when these two states begin to invest financially in regional economic integration and work together on certain security issues while critical institutional reforms take place in Congo. Combining a conflict-free mining sector and improved infrastructure in Congo with Rwanda’s attractiveness for potential investments could initiate a process of transformation, argues the report.

Read the report, “Rwanda's Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace

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Sudan Minister Speaks on Resilience As Dire Need in Nuba Mountains Made Public

Date: 
Oct 10, 2013

Enough Project Press Release

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314

Sudan Minister Speaks on Resilience As Dire Need in Nuba Mountains Made Public

WASHINGTON -- Today, Sudan’s Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamad takes the platform to speak on “Strengthening the Resilience of Communities” at the International Peace Institute in New York. In recent weeks, Hamad has himself challenged the resilience of Sudanese people by supervising the government’s brutal repression of peaceful demonstrators, activists, press, and civil society organizations. Although hundreds were killed in the streets and at least a thousand remain detained by state security, Hamad, whose government shut down the internet for almost a day, still publicly claims that the grisly photos leaking out on social media are being recycled from the Egyptian revolution. Hamad’s responsibility extends beyond the recent crackdown; he also handles negotiations on humanitarian access to civilians living in war-torn Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

The Enough Project has made public the pressing humanitarian needs of 800,000 civilians still living in rebel-held part of Sudan’s South Kordofan state in its new report, “Life in the Nuba Mountains.” The facts in the report challenge Hamad’s narrative on the government’s efforts to promote and strengthen resilience with the release of a new policy brief and report about the humanitarian condition of people living in the Nuba Mountains area. Hamad’s work, and his government’s policies throughout Sudan have had devastating consequences for the Sudanese people, particularly those in the country’s war-torn border regions. The report, which is based on research secretly conducted in rebel-held parts of South Kordofan, which experience aerial bombardment on a daily basis, proposes a set of immediate humanitarian interventions to support those struggling for survival. The Enough Project’s accompanying policy brief, “Aid as a Weapon of War in Sudan,” contextualizes the situation and argues that the Sudanese government’s ongoing manipulation of aid access across the country offers another reason for the adoption of a comprehensive approach to the problems affecting Sudan.

For decades my people have been living off the land and providing for themselves despite drought and conflict,” says Rev. Andudu Adam Elnail, the bishop of Kadugli diocese “Now they face bombings timed specifically so that they are prevented from planting their crops and tending their fields. Adults go hungry so that their children can eat. But many still continue to die from hunger and diseases. Thousands of children are living in caves in the mountains without education. People are living life under siege and in constant fear.

Enough Co-Founder John Prendergast said, "The Sudan regime continues to use the denial of humanitarian aid as a weapon of war. The result of this is a steady diminishing of the capacity of Nuba communities to cope with this imposed deprivation.  It is a most cynical approach to warfare, slowly bleeding the people of their ability to survive.  The international community must become more robust in its efforts to break this humanitarian blockade.  Hundreds of thousands of Sudanese lives depend on it."

The “Life in the Nuba Mountains” report finds that households in the region are cultivating 73 percent less land than they were before the conflict erupted. These patterns amplify the recent findings of the Sudan Consortium, which tracked the timing of bombing attacks in both 2012 and 2013 and found evidence of a deliberate and ongoing intention to disrupt the planting and harvesting of food crops. Currently, in South Kordofan, 62% of adults are restricting their own food consumption so that children can eat. 43% of surveyed households do not even have enough food to last a week. 83% of those surveyed say they are reducing the number of meals they eat around 3.5 times a week to cope with the lack of food, 80% are limiting the portion sizes with similar frequency.

Steven Hansch, an expert on humanitarian aid with Relief International, reviewed the report’s methodology and findings. He found “the researchers’ assessment techniques are consistent with international practice and the analysis covers hunger, water access, education, health care, displacement, sanitation issues --- metrics that effectively capture a snapshot of life in the area.

Life in the Nuba Mountains” argues that concrete steps, such as food distribution, agricultural support, hand pump repairs, and latrine construction, could alleviate these immediate food, health, and sanitation needs, as well as improve the long-term ability to cultivate the land. The policy brief augments this argument, highlighting that the current isolated negotiations for access to conflict regions must be brought under one umbrella conversation about ending the war in South Kordofan, Darfur and Blue Nile. Otherwise, Akshaya Kumar, Sudan and South Sudan Policy Analyst at the Enough Project argues, “the Sudanese government will continue to wield aid as a weapon of war and the urgent humanitarian needs identified in the “Life in the Nuba Mountains” report will remain unmet.

Read the policy brief, "Aid as a Weapon of War in Sudan": http://www.enoughproject.org/reports/aid-weapon-war-sudan

Read the report, "Life in the Nuba Mountain": http://www.enoughproject.org/reports/life-nuba-mountains

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.

New Evidence: M23 Rebels in Congo Conflict Gold Trade

Date: 
Oct 9, 2013

Enough Project Press Release

Embargoed Until: October 9, 2013 7pm EST/October 10, 2013 Midnight GMT

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314

New Evidence: M23 Rebels in Congo Conflict Gold Trade

The Enough Project has released a groundbreaking new report that documents the conflict gold smuggling network of the Eastern Congo-based M23 rebels. The report, “Striking Gold: How M23 and its Allies are Infiltrating Congo's Gold Trade,” reveals how M23 is involved in the lucrative gold trade in eastern Congo, which is worth approximately $500 million per year overall.  Instead of controlling mines directly, M23 has built alliances with other armed groups in gold-rich areas and expanded its contacts with influential traders in Uganda, Burundi, and Congo to trade gold. The report calls on U.S. Special Envoy Russ Feingold, the U.N. Security Council, U.N. Envoy Mary Robinson, and jewelry retailers to take concrete measures to limit the documented paths of conflict gold to international markets.

Striking Gold” identifies four main gold exporters whose business operations enable M23 and other armed groups to profit from the gold trade, according to UN experts reports and Enough Project research. The report also names militia leaders, including M23 commander Sultani Makenga, who play a key role in the illicit trade. Makenga has built on the networks of former M23 co-commander Bosco Ntaganda and has extended alliances that cut across otherwise hostile ethnic and political divisions.

Ruben de Koning, co-author of the report, says, “Some of the major official gold exporters in Uganda and Burundi indirectly purchase smuggled gold from M23 and allied armed groups in violation of the U.N. arms embargo, and without exercising any due diligence on the origin of their gold. Sanctions against these individual exporters, as opposed to companies, would help prevent sanctioned owners from merely reinventing themselves under a new company name in order to continue operations. U.S. and U.N. sanctions would make it harder for M23 and other armed groups to finance their struggle, and compel others to start mitigating such risk.”

Sasha Lezhnev, Senior Policy Analyst at the Enough Project, says, “M23's deadly gold may be entering our jewelry stores or banks, which make up 80 percent of the global gold market. The U.S. government and jewelers can help stem this problem at its root.  U.S. envoy Russ Feingold should press Congo, Rwanda, and the Great Lakes region to finalize their certification system to weed out conflict gold. Jewelers must also step up efforts to build a clean gold trade in Congo by joining public-private alliances and tech company projects like 'Solutions for Hope.'”

M23 allies have consolidated control over mines, particularly those in Walikale and Lubero territories in North Kivu province and in Ituri district in Orientale province. The growing revenues have enriched those who perpetrate atrocities and crimes against humanity in the region. M23 and its allies have also secured cross-border transit routes for smuggling to Bujumbura, Burundi, and Kampala, Uganda, both important regional hubs for international gold markets.

De Koning adds, “The ball is in the court of the U.S. government and U.N. Security Council to sanction these known exporters. Responsibility also lies with the downstream gold industry to conduct proper due diligence and invest in a clean gold trade in Congo.”

Read the full report, "Striking Gold: How M23 and its Allies are Infiltrating Congo's Gold Trade": http://www.enoughproject.org/files/StrikingGold-M23-and-Allies-Infiltrating-Congo-Gold-Trade.pdf

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.

Enough Project Announces Release of Arabic Language Report

Date: 
Oct 9, 2013

Enough Project Media Advisory

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314

Enough Project Announces Release of Arabic Language Report

WASHINGTON –  The Enough Project announces today the release of an Arabic translation  of our report on the economic imperatives of escalating violence in Darfur. The report, “Economics of Ethnic Cleansing in Darfur,” is based on research from a trip to the region earlier this year, and confirms that the Sudanese government is sponsoring violent clashes to strategically pacify restless janjaweed militias and consolidate economic control over Darfur’s rich natural resources.

The release of the report in Arabic is a demonstration of the Enough Project’s efforts to reach beyond our English-speaking audience and make our research on patterns of recent violence in Sudan accessible to the Sudanese public.  As mass protests spread across Sudan, we hope that our report can be a resource to Arabic-speaking scholars, civil society and activists about events unfolding far from the capital, in Darfur. 

Read “Economics of Ethnic Cleansing in Darfur” press release in Arabic.

Read “Economics of Ethnic Cleansing in Darfur” report in Arabic.

تقرير جديد لمنظمةإينف الأمريكية عن اقتصاديات التطهير العرقي

Date: 
Oct 8, 2013

واشنطن: يقول تقرير جديد لمنظمة إينف الأمريكية إن الضرورات الاقتصادية صارت تمثل الآن القوة الدافعة الرئيسية لتصاعد العنف في دارفور. ويشير التقرير الذي تم إعداده بناء على أبحاث مسؤولين في المنظمة قاموا مؤخرا برحلة إلى المنطقة إلى أن الحكومة السودانية ترعى الآن اشتباكات عنيفة وتسعى استراتيجيا إلى ترويض ميليشيات الجنجويد، وذلك من أجل تعزيز السيطرة الاقتصادية على الموارد الطبيعية الغنية التي تذخر بها دارفور.

 

والتقرير الذي يحمل عنوان "اقتصاديات التطهير العرقي في دارفور" قام بإعداده جون برندرغاست، وعمر إسماعيل قمر الدين، واكشايا كومار، يقول إنه في الوقت الذي يصدق البعض زعم الحكومة بأن جولات الاقتتال الأخيرة الجارية في دارفور هي نزاع يدور بين القبائل المتنازعة فإن الحكومة السودانية هي التي تستخدم وسيلة العنف بشكل منتظم لخلق حالة من عدم الاستقرار في دارفور.

 

ويوضح التقرير أن الحكومة السودانية اعتمدت، منذ ذروة الإبادة الجماعية في الفترة من 2003 إلى 2005، على الميليشيا المسلحة، بوصفها وكلاء لتنفيذ مصالح أمنها في دارفور بعد أن غدت القوات المسلحة السودانية ضعيفة في مواجهة الأزمة. غير أن التقرير يوضح أنه "في السنوات الأخيرة، انخفضت ميزانية الحكومة، وصارت غير قادرة على الوفاء بالتزاماتها نحو مليشياتها. ولاسترضاء هذه التحالفات الهشة ولضمان ولائها فإن  النظام يؤمن الآن مصالحها من خلال السماح لهذه الميليشيات للقيام بأعمال نهب وسلب مع الإفلات التام من العقاب، وكذلك الحفاظ على الغنائم كشكل من أشكال التعويض.."

 

ويقول كبير مستشاري مشروع إينف عمر إسماعيل قمر الدين إن النظام يكافح من أجل البقاء اعتمادا على البعد الاقتصادي وترويض ميليشيات الجنجويد بهدف تحقيق تعويضات أكبر، وأضاف قمر الدين أن مسؤولي الحكومة السودانية ظلوا على استعداد متزايد لتأجيج نيران العنف حتى ضد بعضا من حلفائهم التقليديين. ويقول قمر الدين إن اللاجئين الذين تحدث إليهم اثناء رحلته إلى تشاد يقولون إن قواعد الأزمة أخذت منحى اقتصاديا وأن الميليشيات العربية المدعومة من الحكومة صارت تهاجم حتى الجماعات العربية الأخرى.

 

وأبان التقرير أنه رغم أن "المجموعات العربية المتنازعة كانت قد اشتبكت في الماضي فإن أنماط العنف الأخيرة تكشف أن الطابع المنهجي للهجمات ينسجم الآن مع استراتيجية الخرطوم الأساسية، والتي تتمثل في تعزيز السيطرة على اقتصاد دارفور واسترضاء ميليشيات الجنجويد والتي تحتاج إليها في حربها ضد الجبهة الثورية السودانية". ويذكر التقرير أن نظرة فاحصة على المواضيع المشتركة للمحفزات الاقتصادية للميليشيات المسلحة والحكومة السودانية يكشف عن أن "هناك بعض دوافع واضحة، تتمثل في السيطرة على مناطق الذهب في شمال دارفور، إذ إن جماعات الأبالة الذين وجدوا تفضيلا من الحكومة لفترة طويلة اكتسحوا مناطقة التعدين في جبل عامر، وهي المنطقة التقليدية التابعة لقبيلة البني حسين، ويأتي هذا التحول في ظل عدم  الرضا الذي يحس به الأبالة، ما دعا ذلك إلى تمرد خاص بهم. أما في جنوب دارفور حيث مناطق الصمغ العربي فإن قبيلة البني هلبة قد سيطرت على مناطق إنتاج الصمغ العربي التابعة إلى قبيلة القمر وذلك بدعم من نائب رئيس الجمهورية الحاج آدم يوسف. وفي منطقة وسط دارفور، حيث الأراضي الصالحة للزراعة تمكن التعايشي علي كوشيب، المطلوب للمحكمة الجنائية الدولية، من دفع قبيلة السلامات من أراضيهم، وذلك بدعم من وزير المالية المركزي علي محمود. وفيما يتعلق باشتباكات نيالا التي بدت جديدة في نوعها، فإن مليشيات الجنجويد والأمن الوطني وقوات المخابرات قد اشتبكوا في المدينة في أعقاب الخلاف حول غنائم ما أدى إلى شروع المليشيات في مخطط ابتزاز نحو الحكومة.."

 

ويضيف التقرير أنه "بواسطة تأليب المجموعات الإقليمية ضد بعضها بعضا، تمكنت الخرطوم من الاستيلاء على الثروات المربحة في جميع أنحاء المنطقة في حين أنها ظلت تعزي العنف الجاري في دارفور إلى النزاعات القبلية التاريخية. ولذلك تتصاعد الاشتباكات بين القبائل بانتظام في جميع أنحاء مناجم الذهب في شمال دارفور، وفي مناطق أنتاج الصمغ العربي في جنوب دارفور، وكذا في الأراضي الخصبة في وسط دارفور، والتي في كثير من الأحيان يتم فيها طرد السكان وتدمير المدن.."

 

ويقول جون برندرغاست، المؤسس المشارك لمشروع إينف إن "صياغة حل دائم للكارثة الإنسانية في دارفور يتطلب فهم الدوافع الاقتصادية للعنف. فالخرطوم تحفز مجموعة من ميليشيات الجنجويد للاستيلاء على الأراضي الخصبة، وتوطيد السيطرة على مناجم الذهب، والتلاعب بمؤتمرات المصالحة القبلية لدوافع مادية، وتوسيع مضارب حماية واستغلال شبكات التهريب مع الإفلات من العقاب. ولذلك يعاني المدنيون من هذا الأفعال"

 

ويشير التقرير إلى أن أحدث حملة للتطهير العرقي ساهمت في تشريد أكثر من ثلاثمئة ألف من سكان دارفور منذ بداية هذا العام، وأجبرت أكثر من خمسة وسبعين ألف إلى اللجوء إلى تشاد المجاورة، حيث هناك تشهد أكبر نزوح لسكان دارفور في السنوات الأخيرة.

 

وتقول اكشايا كومار، المختصة في شؤون السودان وجنوب السودان في منظمة إينف إن "استمرار تقاعس الحكومة السودانية في مواجهة حملات التطهير العرقي المنظم يمثل فشلا واضحا لمسؤوليتها في حماية نفسها. فضلا عن ذلك فهي الآن لا تسمح حتى لعمال اغاثة اللاجئين بدخول البلاد. وحين لا تفي دولة بواجباتها نحو شعبها، فإنه يتحتم على المجتمع الدولي القيام بواجباته"

 

 ويخلص التقرير إلى أن جهود السلام في دارفور منذ منتصف عام 2000 زادت أوار الصراع بدلا من إنهائه. فالحلول الحقيقية، كما يقول كاتبو التقرير، تتطلب فقط أن تؤدي الولايات المتحدة وشركائها الدوليين دورا رئيسيا في المساعدة بشكل جديد في بناء عملية السلام الوطنية الشاملة والتي تحل محل المبادرات التي تعالج مشاكل كل منطقة على حدا، وعلى أن تتناول العملية السلمية الجديدة القضايا الجوهرية التي أفرزت العنف في دارفور وأن تشمل مصالح الحركات المسلحة وعموم السكان. 

 

________________

 

لقراءة التقرير كاملا أضغط على هذه الرابط:

 

Report: U.S. Military Advisors Helping Reduce Attacks by Kony's LRA

Date: 
Oct 3, 2013

For Immediate Release 

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314
 
Report: U.S. Military Advisors Helping Reduce Attacks by Kony's LRA
 
WASHINGTON – Renewed U.S. commitment to address atrocities committed by Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA, will bolster the ongoing counter-LRA efforts in Central Africa, argues a new Enough Project report released today.
 
The report,“Completing the Mission: U.S. Special Forces Are Essential for Ending the LRA,” commends the continued support for the field deployments of U.S. advisors to the counter-LRA military operation in Central Africa and highlights the mission’s successes. In recent months, the mission has gained momentum, after offensive operations which were previously suspended due to the violent coup in neighbouring Central African Republic, or CAR, restarted last month.  In September, the Obama administration also recommitted U.S. special forces to extend the mission into early 2014.
 
Since deploying in October 2011, the U.S. advisors have helped reduce LRA attacks by 53 percent, and LRA killings also decreased 67 percent from 2011 to 2012. The advisors have worked alongside the African Union mission led by Uganda to make significant gains in the counter-LRA mission, including increases in defections, improved human security and protection for civilians, and increased intelligence collection and analysis. 
 
Enough Project Field Researcher and author of the report, Kasper Agger, says:

“The hands-on operational support provided by U.S. military advisors has been a real game changer in the efforts to counter the LRA, leaving the rebel group weaker than ever before. With sustained deployment and continued support for their mission, there is a real chance that we will see an end to the LRA.”    

The defection rate of LRA fighters is also increasing, according to the report. At least 31 Ugandan LRA fighters—15 percent of the core fighting forces—have defected over the past 18 months. The number of defections this year exceeds those of the previous two years combined and reports estimate that only 250 – 300 LRA armed fighters remain. This progress, the report argues, is a result of U.S. training and improved coordination among regional forces that face challenges in their efforts to apprehend senior LRA commanders.
 
The work of U.S. advisors has consolidated military partnerships and enhanced regional security in extremely remote areas that would otherwise become safe havens for terrorists. Additionally, they have created a viable framework for security cooperation in a region where this is very limited.  Progress is being made, and the administration’s extension of the mission is a signal to the U.S.’s commitment to an atrocity prevention strategy that works to bring an end to conflict not only in Uganda, but to neighboring countries in the Central African region. 
 
Read the paper,“Completing the Mission: US Special Forces Are Needed to Essential for Ending the LRA”: http://www.enoughproject.org/files/Completing-The-Mission-US-Special-Forces-Essential-to-Ending-LRA.pdf
 
 
#

The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.
 
 

Human Rights Groups Urge NYC Hotels to Deny Sudanese President Bashir Accomodations

Date: 
Sep 25, 2013

Joint Press Release

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314

Human Rights Groups Urge NYC Hotels to Deny Sudanese President Bashir Accomodations

Six major human rights groups representing hundreds of thousands of supporters released a letter today to the Hotel Association of New York City, urging all of their 260 member hotels in the greater metro region to deny Sudanese President Bashir accommodations.

At a news conference on Sunday, September 22, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir announced that he reserved his flights and booked a hotel in New York City for his visit to the United Nations General Assembly. President Bashir is sought by International Criminal Court on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity for his actions in Darfur.

The groups strongly urge the Hotel Association and all of its members to deny any request for accommodations for President Bashir. Allowing Bashir into any hotel sends the wrong message to the guests, staff and neighbors and most importantly, would be a huge disgrace to the victims of the genocide in Darfur.

John Prendergast, Enough Project Co-Founder said:

"If Bashir does come to New York, at a minimum businesses that profit from his stay should pay a price. Whatever hotel decides to let him stay will face reputational damage and voluntary boycotts from conscientious people from all over the United States. For someone implicated in genocide, there should be no room at the inn."

Read the full letter: http://www.enoughproject.org/files/Human-Rights-Coalition-Letter-Hotel-Association-NYC-Bashir.pdf

Clooney, Cheadle, Sudan Activists Write to Obama about Bashir Visit

Date: 
Sep 19, 2013

Enough Project Press Release

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Carine Umuhumuza, cumuhumuza@enoughproject.org, 202-478-5314

WASHINGTON --- 25 Sudan experts, human rights groups, and leading voices on genocide prevention, including George Clooney, Don Cheadle, and Omer Ismail and John Prendergast of the Enough Project released a letter addressed to President Obama today, calling on the U.S. government to do everything possible to dissuade President Bashir from travelling to New York City for next week's U.N. meetings.

Don Cheadle, Co-Founder of Not on Our Watch, said:

"Each time that President Bashir is allowed to travel freely, without the threat of arrest, is another blow to accountability and justice for his victims. The legal issues involved in Bashir's travel to the U.N. are complicated, but we hope that the U.S. and other countries do everything in their power to prevent this trip."

Citing the 2007 Genocide Accountability Act, which allows for the prosecution of genocidaires who are in the United States, even if their crimes were committed abroad, the letter urges the administration to announce that it will open a criminal prosecution once Bashir lands. While the letter acknowledges that the U.S. is generally obliged to facilitate travel for all visiting dignitaries, since it plays host to the United Nations, it goes on to outline a number of other diplomatic steps that the administration could be taking to dissuade President Bashir from persisting with his travel plans.

John Prendergast, Co-Founder of the Enough Project, said:

"If Bashir ends up coming to the U.S. despite the administration's best efforts to convince him otherwise, all legal channels should be explored for prosecuting him under existing authority. His visit also highlights the deadly conflicts continuing to rage in Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, and Blue Nile regions of Sudan. President Obama should lead efforts at the U.N. General Assembly meetings to construct a credible and comprehensive peace process."

It is troubling that Sudan's president continues to travel around the world with impunity, notwithstanding a pending warrant for his arrest at the Hague. Now, he might even come to New York just as Sudan is facing some of the worst violence the region has seen in years. Human rights lawyers are investigating civil litigation to hold the Sudanese president accountable for his crimes and hope to serve him once he steps on U.S. soil. Meanwhile, activists are mobilizing on Capitol Hill, planning protests in New York City and warning Manhattan hotels against offering him accommodation.

The letter notes that if President Bashir attends next week's opening session at the U.N., it will be the first time that anyone who is wanted for genocide by the International Criminal Court has entered the country. It will also be President Bashir's first trip to the United States since 2006. Since then, at least 300,000 people have died in Sudan while millions more have been displaced from their homes.

Read the open letter: http://eno.ug/publiccoalitionletter

# The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, and areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more about Enough, go to www.enoughproject.org.

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