Media Advisories

House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee hearing today: The Sentry’s Brad Brooks-Rubin Testifies in Congress on Sudan Sanctions

Date: 
Apr 26, 2017

Today, The Sentry and Enough Project’s Brad Brooks-Rubin testified before the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations’ hearing on “The Questionable Case for Easing Sudan Sanctions.”

In his testimony, Brooks-Rubin called on Congress to adopt legislation that ties a new suite of modernized financial pressures, as well as appropriate incentives, to a new Human Rights and Peace Track for Sudan.

Brad Brooks-Rubin, Policy Director at The Sentry and Policy Advisor at the Enough Project, said: “It is a critical moment because, this past January, in the waning moments of the last Administration, an all-or-nothing choice on economic sanctions on Sudan—either maintain the two decades-old comprehensive sanctions or lift them entirely—was created. This false choice came out of a limited, five-track engagement process that was developed in mid-2016. This process is insufficient because it does not address basic governance issues in Sudan, it does not include crucial human rights and religious freedom issues, and it removes the bulk of U.S. leverage without requiring any peace agreement for the multiple wars being waged today in Sudan. The far more sophisticated tools of financial pressure that are available today can be deployed in a much more nuanced way than a “sanctions on all of Sudan” or a “no sanctions at all” approach.

“We believe Congress and the Trump Administration must correct this course—now. This correction can best be achieved by developing a de-linked and independent Human Rights and Peace Track with the Government of Sudan that would supplement but remain independent of the five-track engagement process. This diplomatic track should address the most critical reform issues in Sudan, and it should be tied directly to modernized and focused financial pressures tools, as well as new incentives, which can maximize the chances of achieving U.S. foreign policy objectives in Sudan.

“This new track should focus on the United States’ most pressing policy goals for Sudan: advancing human rights, religious freedom, essential democratic reforms, good governance, and ultimately a comprehensive peace. Without addressing these goals, the Government of Sudan will maintain its longstanding patterns of behavior, advancing policies that have led to the continuous deadly war, religious persecution, dictatorship, mass migration to Europe, grand corruption, and affiliation with terrorist organizations that have marked its rule for the last 28 years.”

Key measures that the United States can take, as noted in the testimony:

  • Sanctions that freeze the assets of Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) and its corporate network, establishing a 25 percent threshold for ownership that would result in designation.
     
  • Sectoral sanctions focused on the conflict gold and weapons manufacturing sectors.
     
  • Targeted sanctions on individuals responsible for acts of public corruption and serious human rights abuses throughout Sudan, ensuring we target individuals with significant personal assets and/or corporate holdings.
     
  • Requiring compliance with these sanctions by foreign subsidiaries of U.S. companies to prevent evasion.
     
  • Public reporting by companies doing business in Sudan in order to ensure companies are taking appropriate due diligence measures.
     
  • Directing Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) to investigate whether the gold sector or other networks in Sudan constitute a “primary money laundering concern,” to issue advisories related to their investigations, and to work with financial institutions and other jurisdictions to investigate Sudanese Politically Exposed Persons and other targets. These efforts will focus the financial sector on the key concerns in Sudan and help to mitigate against future, large-scale de-risking.
     
  • Congressional appropriation of funds to the relevant agencies to do this work that has been desperately needed for many years but never done.

Click here to read Brad Brooks-Rubin’s full testimony: http://eno.ug/2q6EbRu

Hearing video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InKSLvEzjrY& 

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE SENTRY

The Sentry is a team of analysts, regional experts, and financial forensic investigators which follows the money to disrupt the corrupt networks who fund and profit from genocide or other mass atrocities in Africa. Co-founded by George Clooney and John Prendergast, The Sentry is an initiative of the Enough Project and Not On Our Watch (NOOW), with its implementing partner C4ADS. Current countries of focus are South Sudan, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, and the Central African Republic. Learn more at TheSentry.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT

The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace, human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

“Sudan's Deep State” New Report Details Massive Corruption and Theft of Oil, Gold, and Land in Sudan

Date: 
Apr 25, 2017

 

Policymakers from the U.S. and around the world should initiate a strategy that addresses root causes of Sudan’s violent kleptocracy

The Enough Project’s new report published today, “Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond,” details how a powerful inner circle within Khartoum has privately expropriated oil, gold, and land for massive self-enrichment and to maintain control through the use of starvation as a method of war, the indiscriminate bombardment of its own civilian populations, and an array of militias notorious for ethnic cleansing.

Dr. Suliman Baldo, Senior Advisor at the Enough Project, said: “Sudan’s deep state is a complex construction of grand corruption and brutal power. An inner circle in power has privatized the country's natural wealth, its oil, gold, and land. To protect their ill-gotten gains and to ensure the survival of the regime, those who rule Sudan devote disproportionate resources to a bloated security and intelligence sector, and neglect essential social services. The resulting economic power of the security and intelligence apparatus creates catastrophic structural deformities in Sudan's economy, inhibiting the private sector and entrepreneurs from adequately contributing to the nation’s prosperity and the basic welfare of the Sudanese people. An array of government militias is tasked with providing deep layers of protection for the regime, which in return grants these militias total impunity for the atrocity crimes they routinely commit against the population.”

Omer Ismail, Senior Advisor at the Enough Project, said: “Unlike many other corrupt or repressive governments, President al-Bashir’s regime is willing to engage in the most extreme tactics, including ethnic cleansing, the use of starvation as a method of war, and the indiscriminate bombardment of civilian populations. It is this combination of extreme violence, authoritarian rule, and massive self-enrichment that qualifies the current system as a violent kleptocracy where state capture and hijacked institutions are the purpose and the rule, rather than the exception.” 

John Prendergast, Founding Director at the Enough Project, said: “Sudan’s violent kleptocracy must be confronted directly. Concerned policymakers from the United States and around the world should initiate a strategy of smarter financial pressures and increased accountability that addresses the root causes of Sudan’s violent kleptocracy. Only more effective pressure on President al-Bashir and his inner circle will succeed in advancing important national and global security goals, such as safeguarding the integrity of the global financial system, combating corruption, deterring future support for terrorism, and strengthening human rights.”

Link to full report: http://eno.ug/2pgII64

SELECT EXCERPTS:

  • “Sudan is a failed state for the millions of displaced people living in IDP camps in Darfur, for those living in conflict areas and cut off from humanitarian assistance in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, and for those struggling in marginalized communities in eastern Sudan or in the sprawling informal settlements outside Khartoum. However, Sudan is an incredibly successful state for a small group of ruling elites that have amassed great fortunes by looting the country’s resources for personal gain. In that sense, Sudan is more of a hijacked state, working well for a small minority clique but failing by all other measures for the vast majority of the population.”
     
  • “The system of rule by al-Bashir’s regime in Sudan is best characterized as a violent kleptocracy, as its primary aims are self-enrichment and maintaining power indefinitely. To pursue these aims, the regime relies on a variety of tactics, including patronage and nepotism, the threat and use of political violence, and severe repression to co-opt or neutralize opponents and stifle dissent.”
     
  • “The regime’s initial tenacity in attacking, torturing, and killing members of the professional and working classes and purging the professional, technically competent civil service that could potentially ensure government function and check the regime’s power established the precedent of impunity that continues today.”
     
  • “Regime kleptocrats have thus far outwitted and outlasted all efforts to achieve peace in Sudan because they feel no pressure to act differently given the impunity that they have enjoyed for decades.”

POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

The report states that to more effectively support peace, human rights, and good governance in Sudan, policymakers should construct a new policy approach that attempts to counter and ultimately dismantle Sudan’s violent kleptocracy.

A More Comprehensive and Inclusive Peace Process and Constitutional Convention: A credible constitutional convention and internationally-supported peace process can lead to lasting peace in Sudan.

  • International Peace Process: A comprehensive and inclusive peace process with strong U.S., regional, and international support can check these maneuverings and allow internally-driven reforms to take hold.
     
  • Constitutional Convention: A constitutional convention could provide a new path for Sudanese people to discuss the governance and power-sharing questions that they most seek to resolve among themselves.
     
  • Enhanced U.S. Diplomatic Engagement: Strong U.S. diplomatic engagement with Sudan is necessary to advance an international peace process. To support this process, as well as to achieve important national security objectives, the Trump administration should appoint a new special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan.

Financial Pressure: To provide the necessary leverage for a revitalized peace process and constitutional convention, Sudan’s violent kleptocracy must be confronted directly. Accordingly, U.S. policymakers should use the enhanced diplomatic engagement measures outlined above to support a strategy of financial pressure and increased accountability that addresses the root causes of Sudan’s violent kleptocracy.

  • Stopping Illicit Financial Flows: Kleptocratic elites rely on illicit financial flows and international economic partners for personal enrichment and to ensure safe haven for their ill-gotten gains. U.S. policymakers, regulators, and law enforcement officials should work together, and in concert with foreign government officials, to stop illicit financial flows from Sudan. Kleptocratic elites rely on illicit financial flows and international economic partners for personal enrichment and to ensure safe haven for their ill-gotten gains.
     
    • Enhancing and enforcing anti-money laundering measures
    • Sharing information and supporting multilateral efforts
    • Asset recovery
       
  • Implementing Modernized Sanctions to Create Leverage to Support Accountability and Advance Human Rights: Policymakers from the United States, the European Union, and other concerned stakeholders should construct and implement a modernized sanctions framework to target the assets of the individuals and entities most responsible for mass atrocities, serious human rights violations, and grand corruption within Sudan.
     
    • Sectoral sanctions and sanctions on key regime institutions and entities, with a 25 percent threshold for ownership or control
    • Anti-Corruption sanctions designations
    • Mitigating the unintended negative effects of sanctions
    • Transparency for business conducted in Sudan
       
  • Addressing Conflict-Affected Gold: A sizeable part of Sudanese gold is conflict-affected, entailing a high risk for money laundering. To help address this concern, the U.S. Treasury Department should issue an advisory for Sudanese gold, given the industry’s extreme vulnerability to money laundering and smuggling.
     
  • Fighting Corruption Through Other Means: U.S. officials and leaders from the United Kingdom, European Union, and EU member states, along with other concerned countries and organizations, should prioritize combating corruption in Sudan. In Sudan, corruption is closely linked to armed conflict, massive human rights violations, underdevelopment, and poverty.
     
    • Criminal investigations and prosecutions
    • Supporting Sudanese civil society and media
       
  • Engaging Sudan’s Political and Financial Supporters: Policymakers should engage Sudan’s political allies and financial supporters to pressure the Sudanese government to work toward a lasting peace.

Link to full report: http://eno.ug/2pgII64

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace and human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee Hearing This Wednesday: The Sentry’s Brad Brooks-Rubin to Testify in Congress on Sudan Sanctions

Date: 
Apr 24, 2017

 

Brad Brooks-Rubin, Policy Director at The Sentry and Policy Advisor at the Enough Project, will testify this Wednesday, April 26, alongside a distinguished panel of activists before the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations’ hearing on “The Questionable Case for Easing Sudan Sanctions.” 

For press unable to attend the hearing will be available for viewing on livestream.

When: Wednesday, April 26, 2017 at 2:30 p.m. EDT

Where: Room 2200, Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C. Click here for details.

Livestreamhttps://foreignaffairs.house.gov/

Witnesses:

  • Brad Brooks-Rubin, Policy Director, The Sentry and Policy Advisor, Enough Project
  • Bill O’Keefe, Vice President for Government Relations and Advocacy, Catholic Relief Services
  • David Dettoni, Senior Advisor, Sudan Relief Fund
  • Mohamed Abubakr, President, The African Middle Eastern Leadership Project
  • Honorable Princeton N. Lyman, Senior Advisor to the President, United States Institute of Peace

Hearing details: https://foreignaffairs.house.gov/hearing/subcommittee-hearing-questionable-case-easing-sudan-sanctions/

Interview availability: Mr. Brooks-Rubin will be available for selected media interviews following the hearing. For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE SENTRY

The Sentry is a team of analysts, regional experts, and financial forensic investigators which follows the money to disrupt the corrupt networks who fund and profit from genocide or other mass atrocities in Africa. Co-founded by George Clooney and John Prendergast, The Sentry is an initiative of the Enough Project and Not On Our Watch (NOOW), with its implementing partner C4ADS. Current countries of focus are South Sudan, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, and the Central African Republic. Learn more at TheSentry.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT

The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace, human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

U.S. Places Sanctions on CAR Militia Commanders

Date: 
Apr 12, 2017

 

(Citations en Français, ci-dessous.)

“A strong message to armed groups in the Central African Republic,” say Experts

April 12, 2017 – Today, the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) placed Central African Republic’s (CAR) Abdoulaye Hissène, a key ex-Séléka leader, and Maxime Mokom, a key Anti-Balaka leader, on its Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List.

Enough Project experts are available for comment and analysis.

Nathalia Dukhan, Researcher at the Enough Project, said: “Today's decision by the United States to impose unilateral targeted sanctions against two key military commanders of armed groups, Maxime Mokom and Abdoulaye Hissène, represents an act of hope in the fight against impunity in the Central African Republic. This action should demonstrate to perpetrators of atrocities and their networks that their misdeeds will not stay unpunished. In this case, Abdoulaye Hissène and Maxime Mokom, also known as the Nairobists, have been conspiring and stoking deadly sectarian violence to defend their own political and economic interests. To help prevent further deadly violence and to disrupt the financing of conflict, these sanctions must be strongly enforced by financial institutions and the gold trade worldwide and should be reinforced by similar measures from the United Nations and European Union.”

En français : “La décision unilatérale prise aujourd'hui par les Etats-Unis d'imposer des sanctions ciblées à l'encontre de deux commanditaires des violences meurtrières en Centrafrique, Maxime Mokom et Abdoulaye Hissène, représente une note d'espoir dans la lutte contre l'impunité. Cette action doit mettre en garde les responsables d'atrocités et leurs réseaux que leurs crimes ne resteront pas impunis. Dans le cas présent, Hissène et Mokom, aussi connus sous l'appellation des "Nairobistes", instrumentalisent ensemble les violences sectaires au nom d’intérêts politiques et économiques privés. Pour contribuer à mettre fin aux violences et au financement du conflit armé, ces sanctions devraient être mises en œuvre de manière effective par les institutions financières, et notamment dans le commerce de l'or, et devraient être renforcées par des mesures similaires prises par les Nations Unies et l'Union Européenne.”

Ruben de Koning, Senior Investigative Analyst at The Sentry, said: “By announcing targeted sanctions against Maxime Mokom and Abdoulaye Hissene, the United States sends a strong message to armed groups in the Central African Republic that violent strategies to gain power are a dead end and must cease. From seemingly opposing sides of the conflict, Hissene and Mokom have in the past few years conspired to keep the war going, much for their own personal benefit. The United Nations Security Council and the European Union should follow suit and adopt similar sanctions to ensure these individuals and their networks can no longer serve as spoilers to peace. In particular, Hissene is known to travel and conduct business, including in the gold trade, in Europe and the Middle East, making action by the EU particularly important.” 

En français : “En annonçant des sanctions ciblées à l'encontre de Maxim Mokom et Abdoulaye Hissène, les Etats Unis lancent un message fort aux groupes armés en Centrafrique en les prévenant que les stratégies violentes pour accéder au pouvoir mènent à l'impasse et doivent cesser. Ces individus, qui appartiennent à deux groupes opposés ont, en réalité, conspiré ensemble ces dernières années pour perpétuer la guerre, pour leur bénéfice personnel. Le Conseil de Sécurité des Nations Unies et l'Union Européenne devraient suivre la décision prise par les Etats Unis et adopter des sanctions similaires en vue de fragiliser encore davantage leur capacité de déstabilisation. En particulier, Hissène est connu pour ses voyages d'affaires, notamment dans le commerce de l'or, en Europe et au Moyen Orient, ce qui rend une action de l'UE d'autant plus importante.”

Hissène, a former collector of diamonds and gold, was the leader of one of the ex- Séléka rebel factions that ousted President François Bozizé in March 2013. He also served as Minister of Sports and Youth in the former President Catherine Samba-Panza’s cabinet. Hissène now leads military operations of the ex- Séléka’s most militant wing. Mokom, a former intelligence officer appointed by President Bozizé, united former army soldiers at the end of 2013 into a coordinated Anti-Balaka militia movement that ousted President Michel Djotodia. Both Hissène and Mokom also coordinated upheaval in CAR’s capital Bangui in September 2015 in a bid to undermine the electoral process.

Currently, both men command troops that were involved in a recent offensive against an ex- Séléka faction, mainly composed of the Peuhl Fulani who control parts of the resource-rich Ouaka and Basse Kotto provinces. The continuing fighting has killed hundreds, mostly civilians.

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace and human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

Enough Project Responds with Serious Concerns about SEC Statements on Conflict Minerals

Date: 
Apr 12, 2017

 

Sudden SEC statements contradict over 10,000 comments to the SEC by investors, the public, U.S. companies, and Congolese groups, which called on the SEC to maintain the conflict minerals rule   

The Enough Project takes serious issue with recent statements by Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Acting Chairman Michael Piwowar and the SEC Division of Corporate Finance regarding the SEC's Conflict Minerals Rule. The statements are in strong contradiction to recent public comments submitted to the SEC and appear to be highly irregular. 

On April 7th, Commissioner Piwowar cast doubt on his commitment to enforce the core reporting requirements in the SEC Conflict Minerals Rule, as part of Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The SEC Corporate Finance Division then released a statement recommending non-enforcement of the requirement in the Rule for companies to report on their due diligence. Non-enforcement of this component would effectively nullify the value of the due diligence reporting requirement enshrined in the Rule.  

Sasha Lezhnev, Enough Project Associate Director of Policy, said: "One commissioner doesn't have the authority to change the conflict minerals law or regulation unilaterally. Companies are still legally required to file conflict minerals reports and disclose their due diligence, according to the law that Congress passed and the SEC rule that the courts upheld.  We look forward to reading companies' full conflict minerals reports in May."

The statement from the Corporate Finance Division, by its own admission, "does not express any legal conclusion on the rule." 

Brad Brooks-Rubin, Enough Project Policy Advisor, said: "We are concerned about the apparent attempt to gut the essence of conflict minerals due diligence without authority or cause. The goal of reports pursuant to Section 1502, and the focus of review by investors and the public, is to understand the specific steps companies have taken to address conflict minerals concerns. Specific labeling or description is not the essence of due diligence; meaningful and transparent action is." 

The goal of company reports to the SEC pursuant to Section 1502, and the focus of review by investors and the public, is to understand the specific steps companies have taken to address conflict minerals concerns. Specific labeling or description is not the essence of due diligence; meaningful and transparent action is. It is critical that companies report on their tracing and auditing in their supply chains, as this transparency is what changes incentives for minerals businesses and, in turn, armed groups at mines.

Holly Dranginis, Enough Project Senior Policy Analyst, said: "Several companies have been filing thorough, illuminating reports for three years without the descriptor requirement in place due to grace periods and pending litigation. In that short time we've seen major progress in service to Congress' original intent: a cleaner more transparent global minerals supply chain and more security in several of Congo's mining areas."  

Importantly, the SEC statements seem to have ignored the public comment period initiated by Commissioner Piwowar in 2017. Over the past two months, over 10,000 individuals have written to the SEC asking for the conflict minerals rule to be upheld for public interest. This includes letters from 111 Congolese civil society organizations based in Congo, who expressed in clear terms that suspension or weakening of the rule would cause more violence and incentivize armed groups to return to mines.  

The recent final decision from the court on the conflict minerals rule was clear and narrow. It invalidated one specific, severable component of the Conflict Minerals Rule -- the descriptor requirement -- and held that the rest of the Rule's requirements were not in violation of any laws. 

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace and human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

Enough Project Responds to SEC Commissioner Statement on Conflict Minerals Rule

Date: 
Apr 8, 2017

In response to SEC Commissioner Michael Piwowar's statement yesterday on the U.S. Conflict Minerals Rule, the Enough Project issued the following statements: 

Sasha Lezhnev, Enough Project Associate Director of Policy, said: "One commissioner doesn't have the authority to change the conflict minerals law or regulation unilaterally. Companies are still legally required to file conflict minerals reports and disclose their due diligence, according to the law that Congress passed and the SEC rule that the courts upheld.  We look forward to reading companies' full conflict minerals reports in May."

Brad Brooks-Rubin, Enough Project Policy Advisor, said: "We are concerned about the apparent attempt to gut the essence of conflict minerals due diligence without authority or cause. The goal of reports pursuant to Section 1502, and the focus of review by investors and the public, is to understand the specific steps companies have taken to address conflict minerals concerns. Specific labeling or description is not the essence of due diligence; meaningful and transparent action is."

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for 
peace and human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

“Border Control from Hell”: EU’s Migration Management Program Supports Brutal Militia in Sudan

Date: 
Apr 6, 2017

 

العربية | Français | Deutsch

New report: Sudan using notorious militia to curb migration flows to Europe, EU risks being complicit in human rights abuses

April 6, 2017 (Washington, D.C.) – A report published today by the Enough Project details how a new European Union migration management partnership with Sudan is supporting the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a brutal militia that evolved from Sudan’s genocidal Janjaweed militia.

The report, “Border Control from Hell: How the EU's Migration Partnership Legitimizes Sudan's ‘Militia State’,” authored by Suliman Baldo, highlights that by extending material and technical support to the Khartoum regime, the EU risks not only supporting the RSF but also underwriting Sudan’s “militia state” and an elaborate web of corruption linked to atrocities and human rights abuse.

Suliman Baldo, report author and Senior Advisor at the Enough Project, said: “The EU's ‘Better Migration Management’ program in current form will subsidize one of Sudan’s most dreaded militias, one with a trail of atrocity crimes spanning the country. Equally damaging, it will legitimize an entire militia system that sustains Khartoum's abusive regime. In doing so, the EU risks its treaty commitments to support good governance and democracy, undermines its intention for positive re-engagement in the region, and tarnishes the EU's role as a champion of human rights and basic dignity.”

The report details how EU support for the RSF could ultimately worsen irregular migration to Europe and escalate violent conflict within Sudan and the Horn of Africa.

Baldo added: “The EU's effort to stem irregular migration at the source should not come at the cost of gross violations of the human rights of migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees in Sudan.”

In recent years, the RSF has been transformed, re-armed, and re-branded by the government, from a genocidal militia deployed in Sudan’s Darfur region, into a national counterinsurgency force under the command of the country’s notoriously abusive intelligence services and was more recently integrated into Sudan's national army, with direct command line to the presidency.

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606, gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace and human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

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"مراقبة الحدود من الجحيم":

برنامج إدارة الهجرة في الاتحاد الأوروبي يدعم الميليشيات الوحشية في السودان

 

تقرير جديد

 يستخدم السودان ميليشيا سيئة السمعة للحد من تدفقات الهجرة إلى أوروبا، والإتحاد الأوروبي يخاطر بالتواطؤ في انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان.

6 أبريل 2017 (واشنطن دي سي) – نُشر اليوم تقريراً مفصلاً من قبل مشروع كفاية يوضح بأن الشراكة الجديدة لإدارة الهجرة في الاتحاد الأوروبي مع السودان تدعم قوات الدعم السريع، وهي ميليشيات وحشية تم تطويرها من ميليشيا الجنجويد المسئولة عن الإبادة الجماعية في السودان.

يكشف تقرير "مراقبة الحدود من الجحيم"  الذي كتبه سليمان بلدو، إن شراكة الهجرة للاتحاد الأوروبي تضفى شرعية ل " دولة الميليشيا " في السودان، و يسلط التقرير الضوء على أنه من خلال تقديم الدعم المادي والتقني لنظام الخرطوم، فإن مخاطر الاتحاد الأوروبي لا تقتصر على دعم قوات الدعم السريع بل أيضا تمتد لتأميين و الموافقة على "دولة الميليشيا" السودانية، و توسيع شبكة متطورة من الفساد ترتبط بالفظائع و إنتهاك حقوق الإنسان.

ذكر سليمان بلدو، كاتب التقرير والمستشار الأول في مشروع كفاية: "إن برنامج إدارة الهجرة في الإتحاد الأوروبي الأفضل في شكله الحالي سوف يدعم إحدى الميليشيات الأكثر رعباً في السودان، و التي لها سلسلة من الجرائم الفظيعة التي تغطي البلاد. وبالمثل، فإنه سيؤدي إلى إضفاء الشرعية على كامل نظام الميليشيات بحافظته على النظام التعسفي في الخرطوم. وبذلك الفعل، يخاطر الإتحاد الأوروبي بإلتزاماته التعاهدية بدعم الحكم الرشيد والديمقراطية، ويقوض عزمه على إعادة المشاركة الإيجابية في المنطقة، كما يشوه دور الإتحاد الأوروبي كمدافع لحقوق الإنسان والكرامة الأساسية.

ويتناول التقرير بتفصيل إن دعم الاتحاد الأوروبي لقوات الدعم السريع يمكن أن يؤدي في النهاية إلى تفاقم الهجرة غير النظامية إلى أوروبا وتصعيد الصراع العنيف داخل السودان والقرن الأفريقي.

و أضاف بلدو "إن جهود الإتحاد الإوروبى لوقف الهجرة غير النظامية" ، فى الأساس، يجب ألا تكون على حساب الإنتهاكات الجسيمة للحقوق الإنسانية للمهاجرين وطالبي اللجوء واللاجئين فى السودان".

في السنوات الأخيرة، تم إعادة تشكيل قوات الدعم السريع ، وإعادة تسليحها، وإعادة تصنيفها من قبل الحكومة، من ميليشيا إبادة جماعية منتشرة في منطقة دارفور السودانية، إلى قوة وطنية لمكافحة التمرد تحت قيادة أجهزة المخابرات سيئة السمعة في البلاد، و أدمجت مؤخرا في الجيش الوطني السوداني، تحت القيادة المباشرة للرئاسة.

* رابط للتقرير كامل: http://eno.ug/2oaRUbM

* ملخص تنفيذي باللغة العربية: http://eno.ug/2nfHtEr

* ملخص تنفيذي باللغة الفرنسية: http://eno.ug/2nHhlhb

* ملخص تنفيذي باللغة الألمانية: http://eno.ug/2nNVTIc

 

للحصول على رد استفسارات وسائل الإعلام أو طلبات المقابلة، يرجى الاتصال: جريج هيتلمان، مدير الاتصالات،

+1 310 717 0606, gh@enoughproject.org.

نبذة عن مشروع كفاية: إن مشروع كفاية ، هو منظمة غير ربحية تعمل في مجال البحث و الوقاية من الفظائع، و بناء النفوذ من أجل السلام وحقوق الإنسان في أفقر مناطق الصراع في أفريقيا بالعمل و المساعدة علي سن عقوبات حقيقية ضد مرتكبي و ميسري الإبادة الجماعية وغير ذلك من الفظائع الجماعية. منظمة كفاية، وشريكها في التحقيقات سنتري، يهدفان إلى مكافحة الجماعات المسلحة والأنظمة الكليبتوقراطية العنيفة التي يغذيها الفساد الواسع والجريمة العابرة للحدود والإرهاب، والنهب والإتجار بالعاج والذهب والماس الصراع حول المعادن، وغيرها من الموارد الطبيعية. منظمة كفاية تجري البحوث الميدانية في مناطق النزاع، وتطور توصيات السياسات وتدافع عنها، و يسهم في الحشد الجماهيري  للحملات العامة المناصرة لتلك التوصيات لمعرفة المزيد – إنضم إلينا – في الموقع

                                                                                           www.enoughproject.org

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« Contrôle aux frontières de l’enfer » : le programme de gestion des migrations de l’UE soutient une milice brutale au Soudan

Nouveau rapport : avec le recours par le Soudan à une milice notoire afin de réduire les flux migratoires vers l’Europe, l’UE risque d’être complice de violations des droits de l’homme

6 avril 2017 (Washington, D.C.) – Un rapport publié aujourd’hui par Enough Project détaille la façon dont un nouveau partenariat de gestion des migrations entre l’Union européenne et le Soudan appuie les Forces de soutien rapide, une milice brutale issue de la milice génocidaire janjawid soudanaise.

Le rapport, intitulé « Contrôle aux frontières de l’enfer : comment le partenariat de migration de l’UE légitime l’« État milicien » du Soudan », et rédigé par Suliman Baldo, souligne qu’en apportant un appui matériel et technique au régime de Khartoum, l’UE risque non seulement d’appuyer les Forces de soutien rapide, mais également de souscrire à « l’État milicien » du Soudan et à un réseau complexe de corruption associé à des atrocités et à des violations des droits de l’homme.

Selon Suliman Baldo, auteur du rapport et conseiller principal de Enough Project : « Le programme de renforcement de la gestion des migrations de l’UE subventionnera, dans sa forme actuelle, l’une des milices les plus terrifiantes du Soudan, coupable d’actes d’atrocité dans tout le pays. De manière tout aussi préjudiciable, il légitimera tout un système de milice soutenant le régime répressif de Khartoum. L’UE risque ainsi de ne pas respecter ses engagements pris au titre des traités et visant à soutenir la bonne gouvernance et la démocratie, de remettre en cause son projet de réengagement positif dans la région et de porter atteinte à son rôle de défenseur des droits de l’homme et de la dignité fondamentale des personnes. »

Le rapport explique comment l’appui de l’UE aux Forces de soutien rapide pourrait à terme aggraver les migrations irrégulières vers l’Europe et intensifier les conflits violents au sein du Soudan et dans la Corne de l’Afrique.

« Les efforts de l’UE visant à juguler la migration clandestine à la source ne devraient pas se faire au prix de graves violations des droits fondamentaux des migrants, des demandeurs d’asile et des réfugiés au Soudan », ajoute M. Baldo.

Au cours des dernières années, les Forces de soutien rapide se sont transformées et réarmées. Leur statut de milice génocidaire déployée dans la région du Darfour au Soudan a également été modifié par le gouvernement, qui en a fait une force nationale anti-insurrectionnelle sous le commandement des services de renseignements du pays, connus pour leur violence. Ces Forces ont dernièrement été intégrées à l’armée nationale soudanaise et relèvent directement de la présidence.

Pour toute requête de la part des médias ou demande d’entretien, veuillez contacter : Greg Hittelman, directeur de la Communication, +1 310 717 0606, gh@enoughproject.org.

À propos de ENOUGH PROJECT
Organisation à but non lucratif spécialisée dans la recherche et les politiques en matière de prévention des atrocités, Enough Project mobilise les efforts en faveur de la paix et des droits de l’homme dans les zones de conflit les plus meurtrières d’Afrique en s’efforçant d’appliquer des sanctions contre les auteurs et les complices de génocides et d’autres atrocités de masse. Conjointement avec son partenaire d’enquête The Sentry, Enough Project a pour mission de lutter contre les groupes armés et les régimes cleptocratiques violents qui s’appuient sur la corruption à grande échelle, la criminalité transnationale et la terreur, ainsi que le pillage et le trafic de l’ivoire, de l’or, des diamants, des minerais provenant des zones de conflit et d’autres ressources naturelles. Enough Project mène des enquêtes de terrain dans les zones de conflit, élabore et préconise des recommandations politiques, et organise des campagnes publiques. Pour en savoir plus et nous rejoindre, veuillez consulter www.EnoughProject.org.

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 „Grenzkontrolle aus der Hölle”: Migrationsmanagement-Programm der EU unterstützt brutale Miliz in Sudan

Neuer Bericht: Sudan bedient sich berüchtigter Miliz, um Migrationsströme nach Europa zu drosseln: EU riskiert, sich an Menschenrechtsverletzungen mitschuldig zu machen

6. April, 2017 (Washington, D.C.) – Ein heute durch The Enough Project veröffentlichter Bericht beschreibt im Detail, wie eine neue Migrationsmanagement-Partnerschaft zwischen der Europäischen Union und Sudan den Rapid Support Forces (RSF) Hilfestellung leistet, d. h. einer brutalen Miliztruppe, die aus der sudanesischen, für Völkermord verantwortlichen Dschandschawid-Miliz hervorgegangen ist.

Der von Suliman Baldo verfasste Bericht: „Grenzkontrolle aus der Hölle: Wie die EU-Migrationspartnerschaft den ‚Miliz-Staat’ Sudans legitimiert” , unterstreicht dabei, dass die EU mit ihrer materiellen und technischen Unterstützung für das Regime in Karthum nicht nur riskiert, die RSF zu unterstützen, sondern auch den „Miliz-Staat” Sudans zu billigen – samt seinem sorgfältig gesponnenen Korruptionsnetz, an dessen Fäden Gräueltaten und Menschenrechtsverletzungen kleben.

Suliman Baldo, Autor des Berichts und leitender Berater des Enough Project, erklärt: „Das ‚Bretter Migration Management’-Programm der EU finanziert in seiner gegenwärtigen Form eine der gefürchtetsten Milizen Sudans, die bereits eine Spur grauenhafter Verbrechen durch das ganze Land gezogen hat. Gleichzeitig legitimiert es ein ganzes Miliz-System, das das gewaltsame Regime in Karthum erst aufrechterhält. Beide Aspekte richten großen Schaden an und so riskiert die EU, mit ihren im Rahmen des Abkommens gegebenen Zusagen, gute Staatsführung und Demokratie zu unterstützen, letztlich ihre eigenen Absichten für positives Neuengagement in der Region zu untergraben und die Rolle der EU als Verfechterin der Menschenrechte und Menschenwürde zu beflecken.”

Der Bericht legt im Einzelnen dar, wie die Unterstützung der EU für die RFS im Endeffekt zu einem Anstieg der irregulären Migration nach Europa und einer weiteren Eskalation gewaltsamer Konflikte innerhalb Sudans sowie am Horn von Afrika führen könnte.

Baldo ergänzt: „Die von der EU angestrebte Eindämmung irregulärer Migration bereits an ihrem Ausgangspunkt sollte nicht zum Preis schwerwiegender Verletzungen der Menschenrechte von Migranten, Asylsuchenden und Flüchtlingen im Sudan erkauft werden.”

Im Laufe der vergangenen Jahre hat die Regierung Sudans die RSF umgebildet, neu bewaffnet und frisch gelabelt: Die völkermordende Miliz, die man in der Region Darfur eingesetzt hatte, wurde zur nationalen Gewalt für Aufstandsbekämpfung erklärt und dem Kommando des berüchtigten Staatssicherheitsdienstes unterstellt; jüngst wurde sie zudem enger in die sudanesische Nationalarmee eingegliedert – wodurch sie nun auch dem direkten Befehl des Präsidenten untersteht.

Für Medien- oder Interviewanfragen wenden Sie sich bitte an: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606, gh@enoughproject.org.

Über THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project – eine Non-Profit-Organisation, die sich durch wissenschaftliche und politische Arbeit für Frieden und Menschenrechte in den tödlichsten Konfliktzonen Afrikas einsetzt – will echte Konsequenzen für Täter und Unterstützer von Völkermorden und ähnlichen massenhaften Gräueltaten erwirken, um solche Verbrechen auf diese Weise zu verhindern. Enough und sein Investigativpartner The Sentry wollen den Weg verbauen für bewaffnete Gruppierungen und brutale, kleptokratische Regime, die sich durch Korruption im großen Stil, Terror, grenzüberschreitende Verbrechen, Plünderung und den illegalen Handel mit Elfenbein, Gold, Diamanten, Konfliktmineralien sowie anderen natürlichen Ressourcen finanzieren. Enough führt Vor-Ort-Untersuchungen in Konfliktzonen durch, entwickelt politische Empfehlungen, tritt ein für entsprechende Maßnahmen und mobilisiert in öffentlichen Kampagnen. Mehr erfahren – und mitmachen – auf www.EnoughProject.org.

Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission hearing today: Enough’s Omer Ismail Tells Congress: Keep Up Pressure on Sudan’s Corrupt Elite

Date: 
Apr 4, 2017

 

Washington, D.C. –  In testimony before Congress today, the Enough Project’s Omer Ismail called for renewed U.S. sanctions and anti-money laundering measures targeting Sudan’s corrupt elite.

Testifying before the U.S. Congress’ Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission hearing on “Sudan: Human Rights and Sanctions,” Ismail said that the Obama administration’s easing of sanctions in January this year undermines U.S. foreign policy objectives, giving away the sole point of U.S. leverage on Sudan in exchange for uncertain short-term counterterrorism gains.

In his statements to the Commission, Omer Ismail, Senior Analyst at the Enough Project, said, “War, repression, human rights violations, and dictatorship have continued in the months since the Sudanese government’s supposed “positive actions” that justify the sanctions easing first began.”

Ismail added, “The leadership of Congress is essential for anti-money laundering measures and modernized sanctions and it will bring new U.S. leverage with a regime that is not otherwise interested in ending war, protecting human rights, and building an inclusive, representative government.”

Ismail testified alongside Ken Isaacs of Samaritan’s Purse, Miles Windsor of Middle East Concern, and Jehanne Henry of Human Rights Watch. 

Key recommendations for Congress from Ismail’s testimony:

  1. Support efforts to revoke the executive order from January that eases U.S. sanctions.
     
  2. Push forward legislation that utilizes the policy tools of financial leverage and more robust diplomatic engagement in support of peace, counter-terrorism, religious freedom, and anti-corruption objectives. This legislation would include a modernized sanctions program that targets the assets of those in Sudan who are most responsible for atrocities, serious human rights violations, and grand corruption while minimizing bank de-risking and other adverse impacts on others.
     
  3. Ensure U.S. government agencies that conduct the investigations and enforcement of U.S. sanctions and anti-money laundering programs have the resources they need and the political direction to work on Sudan through the FY 2018 appropriations process.
     
  4. Press the U.S. Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) to more aggressively counter money laundering that involves members of the Sudanese regime and their corporate network by requesting under Section 314(a) of the USA Patriot Act that financial institutions report on transactions that may have involved the Sudanese regime.
     
  5. Urge the Trump administration to utilize the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, which became law at the end of last year as another tool that can be used to place sanctions on corrupt Sudanese officials.

Click here to read details on the recommendations and the full testimony of Omer Ismail: http://eno.ug/2ov56ct

Hearing video: https://humanrightscommission.house.gov/events/hearings/sudan-human-rights-and-sanctions

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace, human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

Enough’s John Prendergast to Speak on Famine in South Sudan

Date: 
Apr 4, 2017

 

Washington, D.C. – TomorrowTuesday, April 4, the Enough Project’s Founding Director John Prendergast will speak on South Sudan at a panel at the “Africa Policy Forum on Famine” hosted by Congressmember Karen Bass and Congressman Gregory Meeks.

Click here for event details.

When: Tuesday, April 4, 2017 at 8:30 a.m. EDT

Where: U.S. Capitol Visitor Center, First Street Northeast, Washington, D.C. 20515

Panelists:

  • John Prendergast, Founding Director, The Enough Project / Co-founder, The Sentry
  • William E. “Kip” Ward, President, SENTEL Corporation
  • Jon C. Brause, Director, World Food Program Washington, DC Office

Moderator:

  • Dr. Monde Muyangwa, Director, Africa Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

For media inquiries or interview requests for Mr. Prendergast, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.

About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace, human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.

 

Enough Project Statement on U.N. Investigators Killed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Date: 
Mar 29, 2017

 

The Enough Project is deeply saddened by the deaths of United Nations Group of Experts investigators Michael Sharp and Zaida Catalán and their interpreter, Betu Tshintela. Their driver, Isaac Kabuayi and two unidentified motorbike drivers traveling with the group are still missing. We extend our condolences to all of their families and colleagues.

Michael and Zaida were essential contributors to the fight against impunity for human rights abuses and the pursuit of truth in the context of armed conflict in the DRC. Their disappearances and deaths come at a time when freedom and access for human rights investigators is increasingly limited there. 
 
The circumstances of the three deaths and related disappearances should be thoroughly and independently investigated in order to provide a clear record of events, help prevent future such circumstances, and bring perpetrators to justice. The groups of experts established for each UN Security Council sanctions program play a critical role in monitoring the integrity of these efforts.
 
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For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606gh@enoughproject.org.
 
About THE ENOUGH PROJECT
The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention research and policy non-profit organization, builds leverage for peace, human rights in Africa’s deadliest conflict zones by working to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities. Enough, and its investigative partner The Sentry, aims to counter armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fueled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of ivory, gold, diamonds, conflict minerals, and other natural resources. Enough conducts field research in conflict zones, develops and advocates for policy recommendations, and mobilizes public campaigns. Learn more – and join us – at www.EnoughProject.org.
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